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Innovative Inclusive Approach to Strengthen Community Cohesion in Chad

PBN News Germany - 14 hours 46 min ago

Doba – A robust flow of refugees and returnees from the Central African Republic to Chad has increased pressure on host communities, often leading to clashes over access to limited livelihood resources.  

From March to July 2019, IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) identified 69,343 returnees in the provinces of Logone Oriental and Moyen-Chari, in Southern Chad. 

To address this issue, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Chad – in conjunction with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) – has implemented the Emergency Food and Livestock Crisis Response project (PURCAE II) which aims to increase social cohesion, peaceful co-habitation and intercommunity dialogue between refugees, returnees and host communities, through the development of Project Implementation Teams (PITs). 

PITs are composed of seven to nine men and women volunteers from these communities, refugees and returnees. The team members are trained in project implementation, community mobilization, conflict management and resolution.  

Once formed, PIT teams work within their local community, holding focus groups, community meetings and other platforms of exchange, to identify and inform on community assets related to agriculture and livestock activities to be rehabilitated, as well as identify community members who could benefit from cash-for-work activities.  

This week, IOM organized the ninth project management and implementation training for community members which has led to the creation of the ninth PIT in Chad’s southern regions of Logone Orientale, Mandoul and Moyen-Chari. 

Through the Project Implementation Teams, IOM adopts an innovative mechanism for community stabilization based on the participation of project beneficiaries and host communities. Community members are involved from the beginning in the development and implementation of humanitarian assistance activities, enabling them to take ownership of activities, a crucial element to ensure the sustainability of the assistance. 

“Through this project, our goal is to strengthen the resilience of populations in Southern Chad through an innovative approach to project implementation which brings together beneficiaries and host communities,” explained Moussa Soro, Project Manager at IOM Chad.  

The project focuses on activities that will improve social cohesion and dialogue between communities, enhancing purchasing power of the most vulnerable households, rehabilitating productive assets to build resilience and increasing household management capacities.  

Since the beginning of the project, 71 individuals have been trained and nine PITs have been formed in the communities of Kobiteye, Danamadja, Nagkasse, Beraba, Kemdere, Doyaba, Maigama, Dilingala and Silambi, in Southern Chad. Cash-for-work activities have also been established in these communities. In the coming months, new PITs will be established and functional in the regions of Doba, Moissala, Sarh and Sido in addition to the commencement of the next cash-for-work rotations.  

The 18-month project, beginning in early 2019, hopes to aid over 24,100 beneficiaries through cash-for-work rotations, trainings and infrastructure rehabilitation, made possible by The World Bank Group.   

For more information, please contact Moussa Soro at IOM Chad, msoro@iom.int or visit www.rodakar.iom.int 

 

Language English Posted: Friday, August 23, 2019 - 14:50Image: Region-Country: ChadThemes: Migrant AssistanceDefault: Multimedia: 

Training of seven community members, including refugees and returnees, on project implementation. Photo: IOM

Training of seven community members, including refugees and returnees, on project implementation. Photo: IOM

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

Alternatives to Irregular Migration: IOM Launches Vocational Training Programme for Gambians

PBN News Germany - 14 hours 46 min ago

Banjul – The lack of access to employment opportunities among Gambian youth is widely cited as a major contributing factor to irregular migration. According to the 2018 Gambia Labour Force Survey, 95 per cent of Gambian irregular migrants surveyed cited “lack of work” as their primary reason for migrating. 

In response to this, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has launched a vocational training programme aimed at equipping Gambian youth with the skills to engage in entrepreneurial ventures or seek employment. 

“If I equip myself with skills in information technology, I can open my own company and employ Gambians. There would be no need for me to consider the backway (irregular migration),” said trainee Sidia Hydara. 

The programme was designed after a baseline assessment to identify market gaps, demands and opportunities in the West Coast and Upper River Regions – which represent the first and third highest, respectively, origin of Gambian migrants. While laptops and satellites are more widely used in the peri-urban West Coast Region, the demand for mobile phone repairs and solar panels was higher in the Upper River Region. 

Sidia joins a total of 100 youth who will participate in four separate vocational training courses at the Gambia Telecommunications and Multimedia Institute (GTMI): satellite installation and laptop repairs in the West Coast Region; and solar panel installation and mobile phone repairs in the Upper River Region. Lasting 6 to 12 weeks each, the courses will see 50 young men and 50 young women learn both technical and entrepreneurial skills, including business administration, financial management and customer service. 

After completing their courses, each of the students will receive a toolbox to enhance their ability to engage in income-generating activities. In addition, with the support of the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (AICS), IOM will establish a revolving micro-credit fund which the students who develop viable business proposals after the training will have the opportunity to access. 

“Many youths embark on irregular migration journeys because they have no hope. They can’t find employment,” said Malick Bah, GTMI Director. “With an increasingly digitized Gambia and with training opportunities like this, there is renewed hope.” 

“Since 2017, IOM has assisted in the voluntary return and reintegration of over 4,000 stranded Gambians,” says Fumiko Nagano, IOM Chief of Mission in The Gambia. “We recognize that many youths without economic opportunities are still tempted to engage in irregular migration. So, the launch of this inaugural vocational training is aimed at addressing the root causes of irregular migration.” 

Following this, IOM will establish a training programme in the North Bank Region, the fourth highest origin for Gambian migrants, based on the identified market opportunities. 

This initiative forms part of a larger IOM project, funded by the AICS, aiming to bridge together youth, diaspora and local authorities to promote employment and address irregular migration in The Gambia. 

Watch training here https://youtu.be/NFgcWwgR75w 

For more information, please contact Miko Alazas, at IOM The Gambia; Tel: +220 330 3168, Email: aalazas@iom.int 

 

Language English Posted: Friday, August 23, 2019 - 14:45Image: Region-Country: GambiaThemes: Migrant AssistanceDefault: Multimedia: 

25 youth are being trained on satellite installation. Photo: IOM/Miko Alazas

Sidia Hydara believes that being equipped with employable skills is a viable alternative to irregular migration. Photo: IOM/Miko Alazas

''Nowadays, technology is advancing, so we need to learn many skills,'' said Mam Jarra Bossou (left) on the value of the training. Photo: IOM/Miko Alazas

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

Mediterranean Arrivals Reach 45,505 in 2019; Deaths, 859

PBN News Germany - 14 hours 46 min ago

Geneva – IOM reports that 45,505 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea through 13 August, roughly a 30 per cent decrease from the 64,836 arriving during a similar period last year.

Arrivals this year to Greece and Spain are at 23,193 and 14,680, respectively, (37,873 combined) accounting for about 83 per cent of the regional total, with the balance arriving in much smaller numbers to Italy, Malta and Cyprus. Arrivals to Greece are running ahead of 2018’s totals from this time. Arrivals to Spain are lower.

Deaths recorded on the three main Mediterranean Sea routes through almost seven months of 2019 are at 859 individuals – or about 55 per cent of the 1,558 deaths confirmed during a similar period in 2018.  (see chart below).

Mediterranean Sea deaths this year account for exactly 50 per cent of all global deaths recorded of migrants in transit by IOM’s Missing Migrants Project (MMP). Most of the Mediterranean deaths – nearly 600 in almost eight months – have been recorded on the Central Mediterranean route, where another 15 individuals were reported dead this past week.

An Ethiopian man recovered in Maltese waters last Tuesday reported that he was the sole survivor of a boat of 15 people. He reported that his fellow travellers had slowly succumbed to the elements and a lack of food and water and that their bodies were lost before their boat was rescued.

A Libyan Coast Guard unit also recovered the body of an unidentified man during a large-scale rescue operation on Saturday. Several of the 278 survivors reported that another man remains missing and is presumed to be lost at sea.

Missing Migrants Project

2019 is the sixth year of IOM’s efforts to systematically record deaths on migration routes worldwide through its Missing Migrants Project. Since the beginning of 2014, the project has recorded the deaths of 32,669 individuals, including 1,709 in 2019 as of 22 August (see chart below).

Due to the challenges of collecting information about these people and the contexts of their deaths, the true number of lives lost during migration is likely much higher. Missing Migrants Project records should only be viewed as indicative of the risks associated with migration, rather than representative of the true number of deaths across time or geography.

The number of migrant deaths recorded in the Americas overall in 2019 is now 518, compared to 397 recorded at the same point in 2018, an increase of 30 per cent.

On the US-Mexico border, IOM recorded four deaths within 24 hours this past week starting Monday (19 August). All were also within the same general area.

On Monday, the body of an unidentified man was found in the Rio Bravo/Grande near El Saucito, not far from the city Piedras Negras, Mexico. In the early hours of the next day, a young woman and her three-year-old daughter were witnessed being swept away while attempting to cross the river at Piedras Negras. A search for the two have yet to discover their ultimate whereabouts. Later that same day, the body of a man who was presumed to have drowned was found on a ranch also near El Saucito.

In another unusual coincidence two van accidents on the opposite sides of the Asian continent claimed the lives of 15 migrants within two days: on Sunday, 10 Laotian migrants – including six women and four men – died in a crash in Thailand while travelling in a van to the border region of the country. On Monday, five Syrians were killed also while travelling in a van in Turkey, including three adult men, a 45-year-old woman and a 15-year-old boy. Two other Turkish men were killed in the accident while 11 of the van’s passengers survived.

Missing Migrants Project data are compiled by IOM staff based at its Global Migration Data Analysis Centre but come from a variety of sources, some of which are unofficial. To learn more about how data on migrants deaths and disappearances are collected, click here.

The report Fatal Journey Volume 4, published 28 June, includes an overview of five years of Missing Migrants Project data (2014-2018) and an update on what is known about deaths during migration in 2019.

For latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean, click here. Learn more about the Missing Migrants Project.
See contacts here.

Language English Posted: Friday, August 23, 2019 - 14:38Image: Region-Country: SwitzerlandThemes: Missing MigrantsDefault: Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

IOM Director General Visits Cyclone Affected Areas in Mozambique

PBN News Germany - Tue, 08/20/2019 - 10:48

Maputo – IOM Director General António Vitorino is currently on a two-day visit to Mozambique to assess and support the humanitarian response after the country was devastated by two catastrophic storms earlier this year. Cyclone Idai (March) and Cyclone Kenneth (April) affected 1.8 million people and caused hundreds of deaths.

Several months later, 500,000 people continue to live in destroyed or damaged homes and over 77,000 now live in new resettlement sites.

In Maputo yesterday (19/08), DG Vitorino met with the President of Mozambique, Filipe Nyusi; they discussed continued cooperation between IOM and the Government of Mozambique to support affected populations. DG Vitorino also met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, José Condugua Pacheco and the Vice Minister of the Interior, Helena Mateus Khida.

Today (20/08) in Beira, Sofala Province – one of the areas heavily affected by Cyclone Idai – DG Vitorino will meet with the Governor of Sofala Province, Alberto Mondlane and the Mayor of Beira City, Daviz Simango.

DG Vitorino is also scheduled to visit Mandruzi, a resettlement site for displaced families, accompanied by representatives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

“There is still a lot to do, and urgent humanitarian needs to be met, in the reconstruction of the lives of people affected by Cyclones Idai and Kenneth, especially in regard to food, shelter and livelihoods,” said DG Vitorino.

“IOM is committed to supporting the people of Mozambique, and to work together with Mozambican authorities and humanitarian partners in the recovery process following these disasters.”

“We thank the Government of Mozambique for their collaboration and for taking the lead in the emergency response to Cyclones Idai and Kenneth,” said IOM Chief of Mission Katharina Schnoering. “We salute the courage of the affected populations who are, step-by-step, rebuilding their homes, livelihoods and communities.”

Since March 2019, IOM has assisted over 280,000 cyclone affected persons with critical shelter materials and relief supplies. IOM is co-leading the Shelter Cluster with IFRC and is the lead of the CCCM Cluster working in close partnership with the Government of Mozambique’s National Institute for Disaster Management, IOM’s core government partner.

IOM is providing support to most vulnerable population through the provision of shelter and distribution of NFIs, Camp Coordination and Camp Management, Provision of Health and Protection services and Mental Health and Psychosocial support in both regions.

For more information, please contact IOM Mozambique, Katharina Schnoering, Tel: +258 863 511806, Email: kschnoering@iom.int or Sandra Black, Email: sblack@iom.int

Language English Posted: Tuesday, August 20, 2019 - 16:55Image: Region-Country: MozambiqueThemes: Community StabilizationInternally Displaced PersonsDefault: Multimedia: 

IOM Director General António Vitorino speaks to the media in Maputo, Mozambique, Monday 19 August 2019. Photo: IOM 

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

IOM Partners with Save the Children to Assist 600 Children in Ethiopia

PBN News Germany - Tue, 08/20/2019 - 10:48

Addis Ababa – Six hundred vulnerable children in Ethiopia are the target of a new partnership between the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and Save the Children.

Over the next 18 months 400 migrant returnees and 200 other vulnerable children will be earmarked for assistance in eight sub-regions in East Hararghe, Oromia and Amhara’s North Wollo Zones.

This is the fourth such partnership under the EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration targeting minors in migration-prone regional states in Ethiopia.

IOM already is collaborating with three other local organizations to reach vulnerable children: the Mary Joy Development Association, Facilitator for Change and the Forum on Sustainable Child Empowerment.

Ultimately over 1000 children will be reached through these four partnerships.

To date, IOM has voluntary returned and provided reintegration assistance to 5,000 Ethiopian migrants under the EU-IOM Joint Initiative, out of whom 20 per cent are children. Some 1300 children have received needs-based reintegration assistance since 2017.

Under EU-IOM Joint Initiative assistance is tailor-made for returning migrants seeking to restart their lives in their countries of origin. This is done through an integrated approach that supports both migrants and their communities have the potential to complement local development and mitigate some of the drivers of irregular migration.

Children on the move are a particularly vulnerable group, with the Horn of Africa experiencing significant numbers. Ethiopia, which is Africa’s second most populous country, accounts for the largest migrant movements in the region that also incorporates Djibouti, Eritrea, Somalia and Sudan.

Unaccompanied children are among those traversing key migration routes in search of opportunities in other countries, with Saudi Arabia, Europe and South Africa being key destinations favoured by Ethiopians. 

Figures are few and far between, especially on the routes to Europe and South Africa, with an IOM report observing that over 6000 child migrants lost their lives in Africa between 2014 and 2018. Worldwide, nearly 1,600 children – an average of almost one every day – were reported dead or missing over the same period, although many more go unrecorded.

Unicef said in 2017 that the number of children travelling alone had increased five-fold since 2010, warning that many young refugees and migrants were taking highly dangerous routes, often at the mercy of traffickers.

From January to July 2019, IOM’s drop-in facilities for stranded migrants in the Horn of Africa – also known as Migrant Response Centres - registered 1,224 minors, amounting to 18% of all registrations. Fifty-nine percent of these children were unaccompanied and 41% accompanied (unaccompanied minors are usually between 15-17, while younger children are usually accompanied).

Between May 2017 and July 2019, IOM recorded 21,657 Ethiopian minors returning to Ethiopia from Saudi Arabia - mostly involuntarily) - making it around the 8% of the total number of returnees from Saudi Arabia to the Horn of Africa. In June and July 2019 IOM registered 1,869 minors as having returned from Saudi Arabia.

Since May 2019, IOM assisted the voluntary humanitarian return of 2742 migrants who were detained in a stadium in Yemen. 22 chartered flights brought the returnees to Ethiopia of which 1180 are minors.

The EU-IOM Joint Initiative facilitates orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration management through the development of rights-based and development-focused procedures and processes on protection and sustainable reintegration. The project, funded under the European Union Trust Fund for Africa covers and has been set up in close cooperation with a total of 26 African countries.

According to Sara Basha, the coordinator of the EU-IOM Joint Initiative in Ethiopia, establishing collaboration is among the programme’s strengths. “Addressing the needs of vulnerable population especially migrant children is a complex undertaking which requires strong partnership with various stakeholders across the board,” Basha said.

For more information, please contact Helina Mengistu at IOM Ethiopia, Tel: +251 11 5571707 (Ext. 1109), Email: hmengistu@iom.int    

 

Language English Posted: Tuesday, August 20, 2019 - 16:50Image: Region-Country: EthiopiaThemes: EUTFMigrant AssistanceMigration and YouthDefault: Multimedia: 

Supporting children is among the priorities of the EU-IOM Joint Initiative

Child migrant returnees at Bole International Airport, Addis Ababa.

Minors returning to Ethiopia from Djibouti

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

IOM Guatemala Launches Two Migration Data Platforms in Spanish

PBN News Germany - Tue, 08/20/2019 - 10:48

Guatemala City – Today (20/08) in Guatemala City, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) presents two migration data platforms in Spanish. The first is the Regional Migration Information Platform (PRIMI, by its Spanish acronym), which will offer official migration data from the countries of Central America and the Caribbean. The second release is the Spanish version of the World Migration Data Portal, managed from Germany by IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC).

PRIMI, a platform financed by the IOM Development Fund, will make data on migration generated by the governments of the region and disaggregated by sex, age and nationality available to decision makers and the general public. PRIMI will offer data through visual representations (infographics, interactive maps, dynamic graphs, tables) and interactive databases, which will allow the crossing of variables to facilitate their analysis.

For the management of the migratory information that will be available in PRIMI, a regional network of officials from national migration directorates was formed. This network will allow the sharing of records of international entrances and exits, residences, returns and other administrative data, which will strengthen coordination and information flows between governments.

“PRIMI aims to consolidate the information produced by IOM tools and other data provided by governments to facilitate the comprehension of migratory flows in the region, as well as the design of migration programmes and policies,” said Gabriela Rodríguez, project coordinator. “We also hope to carry out continuous work to strengthen the capacities of national migration offices in the region,” she said.

IOM also launches the Global Migration Data Portal in Guatemala today, which will be available in Spanish for the first time since its launch in 2017. The Portal aims to serve as a single point of access to complete and timely migration statistics and reliable information on global migration data.

The site is designed to help policy makers, national statistics officers, journalists and the general public interested in the field of migration navigate the increasingly complex landscape of international migration data, currently dispersed in different organizations and agencies.

“Migration is a cross-cutting phenomenon that concerns each and every one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and most of the 169 goals of the 2030 Agenda,” said Susanne Melde, Senior Analyst with GMDAC. “Since the SDGs are a country-led process, the responsibility to measure progress towards the SDG targets lies with the national governments. The Portal is a tool to strengthen the capacities in migratory data and information to fulfil this responsibility.”

The launch event of these two platforms takes place today at 6:30 pm at the Hotel Clarion Suites Guatemala.

You can access the Global Migration Data Portal at www.migrationdataportal.org, and PRIMI at www.primi.iom.int

For more information please contact Gabriela Rodríguez at the IOM Regional Office for Central and North America and the Caribbean, Email: grodriguez@iom.int, or Susanne Melde at IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre, Email: smelde@iom.int

Language English Posted: Tuesday, August 20, 2019 - 16:45Image: Region-Country: GuatemalaThemes: Migration ResearchDefault: Multimedia: 

PRIMI enables one to explore and analyze data on migration from 12 countries of Central America and the Caribbean. 

PRIMI enables one to explore and analyze data on migration from 12 countries of Central America and the Caribbean. 

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

Model of Migration Law Approved for Central America and the Caribbean

PBN News Germany - Tue, 08/20/2019 - 10:48

Mexico City – The Forum of Presiding Officers of Legislative Assemblies of Central America and the Caribbean Basin (FOPREL) yesterday (19/08) approved the Regional Framework Law on Migration, with a Human Rights Approach at its XXII Special Meeting.

The Framework Law was developed with the support of the International Organization for Migration and other multilateral and civil society organizations and will have an impact throughout the region. It will serve as a reference for strengthening the already existing regulatory frameworks in each country. That strengthening process will be carried out by the sovereign legislative body of each of the countries represented in the FOPREL.

According to IOM figures, at least 21 million Central Americans, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans and Dominicans live outside their countries. Another three million people live as migrants in the same region. The framework law was developed for safeguarding these people's human rights, along with the welfare of the communities that saw them leave and those that host them.

“The framework law on migration matters is due to a mandate from the presidents of the member parliaments of our organization,” said Santiago Rivas, Executive Secretary of FOPREL. “It is transcendental for us since it compiles all the international treaties that the member countries of FOPREL have ratified and places a special emphasis on the human rights of migrants.”

The Framework Law was signed by the presiding officers of the legislative powers of Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico at the headquarters of the Congress of the United Mexican States and has become the first instrument approved at a regional level as a model to develop national standards for migration governance.

“In the region we have at least four challenges in this field: addressing the causes of irregular migration, generating conditions for return, creating regular migration channels and fighting xenophobic discourse,” said Marcelo Pisani, IOM Regional Director for Central America, North America, and the Caribbean. “This Framework Law will help participating states face these challenges and will contribute to harmonizing their legislative frameworks.”

International organizations such as the Gilberto Bosques International Studies Centre, the Senate of the United Mexican States, UNICEF, UN Women, the Organization of American States (OAS), and civil society organizations such as Save the Children participated in the drafting of this framework law, led by FOPREL and IOM.

For more information please contact Jorge Gallo at the IOM Regional Office for Central America, North America and the Caribbean, Tel: +506 7203 6536, Email: jgallo@iom.int

Language English Posted: Tuesday, August 20, 2019 - 16:38Image: Region-Country: MexicoThemes: Migration LawDefault: Multimedia: 

Marcelo Pisani (right), IOM Regional Director, highlighted the importance of the Regional Framework Law on Migration, before the presiding officers of legislative assemblies of Central America and the Caribbean Basin. Photo: IOM / Cesia Chavarria 

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

Mediterranean Migrant Arrivals Reach 43,584 in 2019; Deaths Reach 844

PBN News Germany - Fri, 08/16/2019 - 10:48

Geneva – The International Organization for Migration (IOM) reports that 43,584 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea through 13 August, roughly a 31 per cent decrease from the 63,142 that arrived during the same period last year.  

Arrivals this year to Greece and Spain are at 22,283 and 14,168, respectively, (36,451 combined) accounting for almost 84 per cent of the regional total, with the balance arriving in much smaller numbers to Italy, Malta and Cyprus. Arrivals to Greece are running approximately 30 per cent ahead of 2018’s totals from this time. Arrivals to Spain are about 46 per cent lower.  

Deaths recorded on the three main Mediterranean Sea routes through almost eight months of 2019 are at 844 individuals — or about 55 per cent of the 1,541 deaths confirmed during the same period in 2018. (see chart below).   

Most recently, one man was found dead in a boat recovered by the Maltese Armed Forces. Three survivors were rescued in the operation; however, one other man is now in critical condition in hospital.  

IOM Spain 

IOM Spain’s Ana Dodevska reported on Monday sea arrivals to Spain, through 11 August have reached 14,168 men, women and children, with July producing the largest number of new arrivals since January (see chart below). 

IOM Greece 

IOM Greece’s Christine Nikolaidou reported on Wednesday (14/08) that over eight days (07-14/08), the Hellenic Coast Guard (HCG) confirmed at least eighteen incidents requiring search and rescue operation off the islands of Lesvos, Samos, Chios, Kos, Leros and the port of Alexandroupolis. The HCG rescued a total of 643 migrants and transferred them to those respective ports.  

Those arrivals, plus another 1,499 at various islands and ports arriving during the days 8-12 August brings to 22,283 the total number of irregular migrants and refugees IOM has recorded arriving by sea to Greece this year (see chart below). 

IOM’s Nikolaidou also shared new data on arrivals to Greece through the month of July. In descending order, the top ten arrivals to Greece of irregular migrants via sea from Turkey are Afghanistan, Syria, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Palestinian Territories, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Somalia, Congo, Cameroon and Ghana (see chart below).  

Missing Migrants Project 

2019 is the sixth year of IOM’s efforts to systematically record deaths on migration routes worldwide through its Missing Migrants Project (MMP). Since the beginning of 2014, the project has recorded the deaths of 32,629 individuals, including 1,675 in 2019, as of 14 August (see chart below). 

Due to the challenges of collecting information about these people and the contexts of their deaths, the true number of lives lost during migration is likely much higher. Missing Migrants Project records should only be viewed as indicative of the risks associated with migration, rather than representative of the true number of deaths across time or geography. 

In Europe, the first known death has occurred of someone trying to reach the UK across the English Channel irregularly. On 9 August, an Iranian woman was tragically lost at sea. Nineteen others, including 4 children, were travelling on the same rubber boat and were rescued by authorities.  

Since the start of the year, at least 251 people have died while attempting to cross the US-México border. MMP recorded 291 deaths on this border in the same period in 2018. However, it is important to note that deaths along this border often are recorded retroactively, largely because remains may not be found until long after people die due to the vast and harsh terrain.  

Since MMP’s last update, on 4 August, the remains of 15 people were recovered in inland Texas, and three were recovered after they drowned crossing the Río Bravo, which follows virtually the entire border between México and the US state of Texas. So far, the identities of only six of these victims are known, including Yessica Carolina Castillo Buezo, a 35-year-old Honduran woman, who was found on a ranch northeast of the Falfurrias Border Patrol Checkpoint in Brooks County, Texas.  

In California, the death of a young man was recorded after his remains were found on 20 July near El Centro, Imperial County, where he is believed to have died from hypothermia.  The deaths of four more people were recorded in California since the last update.  All were drowned while trying to cross into the All-American Canal into Imperial County since the beginning of the year.    

In Central America, at least two people died while migrating on 4 August: an unidentified man who fell from a train that was travelling through Veracruz México, and Braudilio Acosta Gutierrez, from Honduras, who was shot in the municipality of El Progreso, in Guatemala when he intervened during a robbery.  He was travelling with his 19-year-old son, who survived him.  

Further south, on 8 August, a Venezuelan man died when he fell from the truck on which he was riding near Calarcá, east of Bogota, Colombia.  

Americas’ Migratory Routes Reach Grim Milestone: Over 500 Deaths so far in 2019 

In total, at least 514 people have lost their lives in the Americas in 2019, compared with 384 recorded through this point in 2018 – an increase of just over one-third.  

This is the earliest point in any of the past six years that IOM’s Missing Migrants Project has reached a threshold of 500 or more deaths in the Americas. In prior years, the 500-death mark was reached in either September (2016), October (2017, 2018) or December (2015), or, in the case of 2014, not at all, as only 495 deaths were recorded of migrants in transit in the Americas that year. 

Women (67 deaths) and children (40) made up just over one-fifth of all deaths recorded in the Americas in 2019, although remains also were recovered from 137 sites where the age and gender of the deceased has yet to be determined. 

Nearly half of all deaths – 247 through 15 August – have been recorded on the US-México border. The rest were reported either further south, in Central America (which for the MMP project includes much of México and the isthmus lying between Panamá and Guatemala), or near Caribbean Sea islands or South America. Deaths counted in those three regions were, respectively, 80, 151 and 30. 

The turmoil in Venezuela – where over four million migrants have left the country since 2015 – may account for much of 2019’s fatalities surge in recorded fatalities.  

This year IOM has reported 89 confirmed fatalities of Venezuelan nationals, whose deaths were recorded across South and Central America as well as in the Caribbean Sea.  

Venezuelans are second only to “Unknown” as the most counted nationality, which has 178 victims –many of which were found this year as remains in the desert long after their deaths or lost at sea, meaning that their identities and nationalities may never be confirmed.  

Those nationalities that have been confirmed include Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, México, Nicaragua and Ukraine (see chart below). 

The Missing Migrants Project counted deaths so far in 2019 in the following states: Bahamas (31), Dominican Republic (17), Turks and Caicos (19), Trinidad and Tobago (52) and Curacao (32) in the Caribbean. In México (76), Guatemala (2) and Panamá (2) in Central America; in Colombia (27), Brazil (2) and Perú (1) in South America. 

MMP also chronicled a wide range of causes of death of these many migrant men, women and children. 

Drowning – with 259 victims – was the leader, accounting for just over half of all deceased. More victims appear to have drowned at sea than along any of the treacherous river crossings many migrants risk, not only along the US-México border, but also along borders in Central and South America.  

Highway accidents (65) also has been a very common cause of death this year, while and mishaps along railway routes (21) are blamed for almost as many deaths as dehydration or exposure (22). Crimes of violence – including homicide – are linked to 19 deaths, with about the same number of fatalities in 2019 attributed to sickness or lack of medical attention. Over 100 cases note a cause of death as “unknown”, also linked to the fact that many migrants’ bodies are not found for weeks or months after their death. 

This total, does not include at least 11 deaths in custody in the Americas—either in US detention centres or in México. Because some of these victims were long-term residents of these centres, these cases are counted separately from the Missing Migrants totals.  

MMP is also aware of at least 50 cases in México and in Panamá’s Darién jungle where credible reports of deaths have yet to be corroborated. Some of these cases involve eyewitnesses who report they have seen bodies that have yet to be recovered.  

In other cases, bodies have been found, but it is not yet known whether these victims are properly categorized as migrants in transit, or migrants settled in the area, or nationals of the country who were not migrants at all. 

Missing Migrants Project data are compiled by IOM staff based at its Global Migration Data Analysis Centre but come from a variety of sources, some of which are unofficial.  

To learn more about how data on migrants’ deaths and disappearances are collected, click here. The report Fatal Journey Volume 4, published 28 June, includes an overview of five years of Missing Migrants Project data (2014-2018) and an update on what is known about deaths during migration in 2019.  

For latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean, click here. Learn more about the Missing Migrants Project.  

See contacts here

Language English Posted: Friday, August 16, 2019 - 16:25Image: Region-Country: SwitzerlandThemes: Humanitarian EmergenciesMissing MigrantsDefault: Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

First Yazidi Family Arrives in Germany Under New Humanitarian Admission Programme

PBN News Germany - Fri, 08/16/2019 - 10:38

Berlin – A family of eight Yazidis arrived in Berlin on Wednesday (14/08), in the latest effort by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to assist vulnerable Yazidis with their admission to Europe. Their arrival was made possible through the German Federal State of Brandenburg’s new regional Humanitarian Admission Programme (HAP).  

The family was accompanied by IOM staff during their journey from Erbil to Berlin, where they were welcomed at Berlin’s airport by specially trained staff before travelling onwards to their accommodation in Brandenburg. 

“It is crucial that we continue to assist this vulnerable group, who have suffered immeasurably at the hands of ISIL,” said IOM Iraq Chief of Mission Gerard Waite.  

“We are grateful that, with Brandenburg, another German Federal State has stepped up to support vulnerable Yazidis, as they recover from their horrific ordeal and rebuild their lives,” said IOM Germany Chief of Mission Monica Goracci. 

Between 2015 and 2016, IOM supported over 1,000 Yazidi women to come to the German Federal State of Baden-Württemberg, among them 2018 Nobel Peace Prize winner Nadia Murad.  

In total, since 2015, IOM has assisted 1,327 Yazidis who have been granted humanitarian admission to European countries. In May 2019 alone, IOM assisted 130 Yazidis to travel to France as part of the Humanitarian Admissions Programme launched by President Emmanuel Macron. 

The current round of humanitarian admissions comes five years after ISIL swept through predominately Yazidi Sinjar, executing thousands of men, sexually enslaving large number of women and girls, and displacing thousands of people. Today, a significant portion of the community remains displaced, including hundreds of families who fled to Mount Sinjar in 2014.  

In Iraq, IOM supports the selection mission, assists with visa document processing, conducts health assessments and provides pre-departure orientation sessions. The HAP foresees the admission of 71 Yazidis from Iraq through the end of 2019. 

For more information please contact: 
Sabine Lehmann at IOM Germany, Tel: +49 3027877817, Email: slehmann@iom.int 
IOM Iraq Public Information Unit, Tel: +964 751 234 2550, Email: iraqpublicinfo@iom.int 

Language English Posted: Friday, August 16, 2019 - 16:33Image: Region-Country: GermanyThemes: ResettlementDefault: Multimedia: 

Staff of local partner NGO welcomes the Yazidi family at Berlin airport on 14 August. Photo: IOM 

A Yazidi family of eight arrives in Berlin on 14 August. Photo: IOM 

IOM staff with the Yazidi family after their arrival in Germany on 14 August. Photo: IOM 

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

Nepali Media Commits to Disaster Preparedness Advocacy

PBN News Germany - Fri, 08/16/2019 - 10:33

Kathmandu – Media should play a more proactive role in educating the general public about disaster preparedness, rather than simply reporting the aftermath of crises, according to journalists attending a workshop organized by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Federation of Nepalese Journalists (FNJ).  

The event, which was supported by USAID’s Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), brought together leading Nepali journalists to discuss how media can contribute to building a more disaster-resilient society through advocacy, awareness raising and improved accountability at all levels of government.   

Nepal is among the 20 most disaster-prone countries in the world. In 2015 earthquakes displaced some 2.8 million people. Over 117,000 people in the 14 worst-affected districts were forced to find shelter in makeshift camps. 2017 also saw heavy rains resulting in flooding across 35 of Nepal’s 77 districts. Over 190,000 houses were destroyed or partially damaged, displacing tens of thousands of people and leaving many homeless.   

The country’s new federal structure created under its new 2015 Constitution has seen a shift of power from the centre to provincial and municipal levels of government. Disaster risk reduction management (DRRM) is among 22 areas of government that are now the responsibility of devolved provincial and municipal authorities.  

The government is also re-organizing its disaster management agencies based on a new DRRM Act 2017. This also involves a significant decentralization of decision making, resources management and service delivery systems. 

Nepali media is already engaged in advocacy to raise awareness of disaster risk reduction. Nepal TV’s Talk of the Town programme has screened 52 episodes on DRRM issues to date, creating a nationwide forum designed to bring together stakeholders from different fields to achieve a common goal of building a more disaster-resilient nation. DRRM is also a national priority for members of parliament and the Government.  

The Kathmandu workshop was attended by some 30 journalists from News Agency Nepal (NAN) the Association of Community Radio Broadcasters Nepal (ACORAB) and other media outlets. It was facilitated by DRM expert and former Education Minister Dr. Gangalal Tuladhar.   

For more information please contact Paul Norton at IOM Nepal, Tel: +97714426250 (Ext. 194), Email: iomnepal@iom.int 

Language English Posted: Friday, August 16, 2019 - 16:30Image: Region-Country: NepalThemes: Capacity BuildingDisaster Risk ReductionDefault: Multimedia: 

Nepali journalists see a greater role for media in advocating for more disaster-resilient communities. Photo: IOM 

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

International Youth Day Marked by Education, Entrepreneurship Sessions for Migrants Across Niger

PBN News Germany - Tue, 08/13/2019 - 12:20

Niamey – In the weeks leading up to yesterday’s celebration of International Youth Day, IOM Niger with its partner Terre Solidali, organized five training sessions in three cities for close to 250 migrants and community members, delivered by young entrepreneurs from IOM’s “Initiatives for the Development of the Enterprise” (IDEE) project. 

Launched in early 2018, IDEE is designed to curb irregular migration by encouraging youth to believe in themselves as self-employed businesspeople who can create employment for others. 

Between 6-7 August, local entrepreneur Rachidatou Abdou organized a two-day training on homemade skincare products for more than 40 young girls and women at IOM’s transit center for migrant women in Niamey, as they waited for their return to their country of origin through the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) programme, under the EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration.  

Rachidatou, 29, decided to create her enterprise Foyer Annour Aicha in 2016 when she had a hard time finding a job in Niamey. Since she had always been passionate about cosmetics, Rachidatou opened a business selling homemade skincare products such as soaps, body lotions and perfumes.  

Since becoming an IDEE beneficiary in January 2019, Rachidatou has improved the packaging of her products and her marketing skills, and delivered training sessions for women in Niger, Gabon, Senegal and Burkina Faso. Once back in their countries of origin, the women at the transit center can use their newly acquired skills as a starting point for an income-generating activity. 

Last Thursday, more than 30 unaccompanied migrant children at IOM’s transit center in Niamey, received a one-day training on textile printing from Digital Mind, a local communications agency that is the product of three young entrepreneurs from Benin and Niger, with support from the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). 

Thanks to the IDEE project, they have been able to widen their client base and buy new printing machines. At the end of Thursday’s training, the migrants were able to print their own Youth Day t-shirts with a serigraphy machine, as a fun and creative way to end the day.  

To refresh the children’s knowledge during summer holidays, on August 10, local enterprise Niger Digital delivered two training sessions on math and French for the 40 children enrolled in IOM’s summer art camp, in the neighborhood Karadjé, in the outskirts of Niamey.  

Niger Digital is a start-up specializing in digital marketing, including the creation of websites and mobile applications, which focuses on current social issues and the development of IT tools that can respond to the needs and specificities of the local context. 

The sessions were delivered using the newly developed and solar powered box School+. This innovative tool can be particularly useful in rural areas, where there is no electricity or internet connection to provide students with high quality interactive content. Thanks to the headsets provided by the enterprise, the children were also able to experience virtual reality for a few hours while learning about science, the human body and marine life. 

"I took a lot of notes; it's important to listen and watch carefully,” said Mariama, 25, from The Gambia. “Once I get back home, I would like to make my own products and sell them - but only the best quality for my customers!” 

Between 5-9 August, local start-up Sonete in Zinder organized a one-week training on photo and video editing for 26 young men and women with limited educational backgrounds. These newly acquired skills will help them obtain contracts in the local market, for events such as weddings or other celebrations. 

In Tahoua, Sadit Technologie provided three weeks of computer trainings for 100 young people active in local associations.  

“A lot of companies in the region require their employees to know Microsoft Word and Excel, but most young people in Tahoua are lacking these basic skills,” says, Ibrahim Maman Sani, founder of Sadit Technologie. “Through these trainings, the participants can not only gain valuable job skills, but also network and find new business opportunities.” 

International Youth Day coincided with the religious holiday Tabaski (Aïd-El-Kebir) and was celebrated at IOM’s six transit centers across Niger with feasts, concerts, dance shows and debates.  

“The five training sessions organized this month highlight this year’s theme for International Youth Day, Transforming Education,” said Barbara Rijks, IOM’s Chief of Mission in Niger. “Youth today are our leaders of tomorrow, and thus it’s crucial to encourage them to acquire news skills or showcase the ones they have already.” 

For more information, please contact Monica Chiriac at IOM Niger at Tel: +227 8931 8764, Email: mchiriac@iom.int.  

Language English Posted: Tuesday, August 13, 2019 - 12:16Image: Region-Country: NigerThemes: Assisted Voluntary Return and ReintegrationDefault: Multimedia: 

More than 30 unaccompanied migrant children participated in last week’s training on textile printing. Photo: IOM/Daniel Kisito Kouawo 

More than 30 unaccompanied migrant children participated in last week’s training on textile printing. Photo: IOM/Daniel Kisito Kouawo 

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

Flood of IOM Festival Submissions Evidence Filmmakers, Audiences Mobilized on Migration

PBN News Germany - Tue, 08/13/2019 - 12:16

Geneva – The flood of submissions to IOM’s Fourth Annual Global Migration Film Festival (GMFF), the largest event of its type in the world, proves filmmakers are excited about telling migration-themed stories, festival manger Amanda Nero said today.

“The response to our month-long ‘Call for Films’ was overwhelming,” Nero said.

“We received submissions at more than twice the rate of last year’s event which reflects the increasing willingness of filmmakers to tackle migration stories in all their complexity, and the obvious interest of the film-going audience in this topic. This is something we want to build on in the future, establishing links to film schools for example so we can reach the next generation of filmmakers.”

More than 600 feature, documentary and short film submissions were received from 90 countries before Friday’s deadline, a rate of 20-per-day. Last year’s three-month-long Call for Films attracted roughly nine daily submissions.

Indian filmmakers were the busiest, sending 52 in total, followed by the United States with 42, Greece, 37, and the Islamic Republic of Iran and Italy, both with 35 films.

More than 40 per cent (243) of the total submissions are from The European Economic Area (EEA) or the European Union (EU). Asia and the Pacific accounts for over a hundred submissions. Central & North America, Caribbean ranked number three with 74 films submitted. South American filmmakers submitted 43 films, followed by South-Eastern Europe and Central Asia; Middle East and North Africa.

The GMFF is an inclusive festival, everyone is welcome and the entrance to all events is free. Screenings begin 28 November and run through 18 December –International Migrants Day. Last year, events were held in more than 100 countries.

The GMFF Official Selection will have about 30 films.

“Our two experienced programmers, volunteers and I are reviewing all the submissions to make the final selection. There are many fascinating films, it has been a hard selection process. Our objective is to select movies which speak to the public and generate empathy, providing to the audience a better understanding of migrants realities, needs, perspectives and capacities,” added Nero.

The films cover a wide range of themes. A French about a Cambodian man who migrated to France in the eighties and years later meets his former Khmer Rouge persecutors provides a personal insight in the South East Asian narrative. Another remarkable film tells the story of a Syrian living in Amsterdam using music as a tool to integrate and overcome cultural barriers.

Watch Highlights of the 2018 GMFF Gala Closing Ceremony

For more information, please contact IOM HQ at Tel: +41 227 179 482, Email: migfilmfest@iom.int

 

 

 

 

Language English Posted: Tuesday, August 13, 2019 - 12:15Image: Region-Country: GlobalThemes: Global Migration Film FestivalDefault: Multimedia:  Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples: IOM Gives Voice to Venezuelan Indigenous Communities through Participatory Video Screenings

PBN News Germany - Fri, 08/09/2019 - 09:46

Boa Vista – On International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples today, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) shares the experience of giving voice to indigenous people from Venezuela in the State of Roraima, Brazil, through a participatory video produced in May 2018.  

The participative initiative, implemented last year under the framework of the Global Migration Film Festival (GMFF), was aimed at Warao and Eñepas ethnic groups at Pintolandia Shelter in Roraima’s capital Boa Vista. 

Through games and exercises, the Waraos and Eñepas learned how to use the video equipment and choose the themes and stories they wanted to record in their films. Through a participatory editing process, they edited their videos which were screened to the community living in Pintolândia, a shelter specifically set up for Venezuelan indigenous. 

The State of Roraima has registered the highest number of Venezuelans who have entered Brazil. The Federal Police has recorded 103,697 asylum requests from Venezuelans and another 74,860 who applied for temporary residency in Brazil, as of May 2019. 

Once the video was produced, IOM organized a presentation with local partners and authorities to present the two videos created by 20 shelter members trained in participatory video making by IOM GMFF facilitators over four days.  

This initiative aimed to empower and amplify the affected community’s voices and foster social cohesion between the different ethnic groups and communities living in the shelter. 

Members of the participatory video making process spoke about how they felt after watching themselves on the big screen along with fellow community members. “I enjoyed that we looked at two themes: the Waraos and the Eñepas. This was excellent because we have never looked at ourselves like this, through a video camera. It was like a big meeting between the two ethnicities living here. It was wonderful to see that happening,” explained Baudilio Centeno, a Warao participant. 

Karina Lopez, an Eñepas participant, said she was delighted after the screening: “I liked watching both videos and also enjoyed that they were made by us.” 

Almost 80, Pillar Paredes was the eldest participant amongst the two groups and had never made a video before. She filmed a segment presenting a typical Warao dance. During the video screening, she was sitting by her grand-daughter who laughed when Pillar appeared on the big screen singing and dancing. Her reaction after watching their video?  “I have decided that I will teach the children here our traditional dances.” 

One of the facilitators leading the process, Amanda Nero, IOM Communication Officer, noted that the process was challenging as the two ethnic groups have very different ways of expressing themselves and communicating. “It was important to have two different processes for each group to respect their own pace and style,” explained Nero.  

IOM Brazil carried out a study about the rights and legal status of indigenous migrants in Brazil, especially the Warao. Through the study, IOM emphasizes the legal tools available to grant equal treatment to Brazilian and Venezuelan indigenous groups and focus on the Warao demands to reshape public policies to their specific needs, safeguarding their indigenous identity. More information about this research can be found here. 

IOM’s GMFF Participatory Video Project is an initiative to amplify voices, empower and foster social cohesion. Similar initiatives were implemented in Amman, Jordan, in October 2017. In November 2017, IOM went to Malakal, South Sudan, to work with communities that have fled war and violence and in December last year, the workshop was done with a group of migrants living in Geneva, Switzerland. 

The initiative was funded by the IOM Development Fund (IDF) and supported by NORCAP. 

Watch how the videos were produced. 

For more information, please contact Amanda Nero at IOM HQ, Tel: +41 227 179 482, Email: anero@iom.int  

Language English Posted: Friday, August 9, 2019 - 15:41Image: Region-Country: Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)Themes: Global Migration Film FestivalDefault: Multimedia:  Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

New South Sudan Strategy Maps Way Forward for Communities Returning Home After Displacement

PBN News Germany - Fri, 08/09/2019 - 09:40

Juba – The conflict in South Sudan has caused immeasurable suffering.  In the past six years, international observers have estimated 400,000 people have died. Today, at least 4.1 million people remain displaced—two million within the country—having fled their homes in search of safety. 

Now, South Sudan is showing signs of recovery. 

The September 2018 signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan has brought increased security and stabilization in more and more of the country, providing new opportunities for displaced populations to go home.  Over the past 11 months since the agreement, some 530,000 individuals have returned, according to IOM’s latest Displacement Tracking Matrix Mobility Tracking report.   

Nonetheless, millions of people still have to cope with ongoing food insecurity, conflict and violent crime throughout the country—all drivers of crisis—which now have become barriers to recovery that must be addressed to build resilience, peace and stability. 

IOM South Sudan recently released a roadmap for supporting conflict-affected communities as they transition from crisis to development, particularly displaced populations preparing to return home. 

The Return, Recovery and Resilience Strategy is designed to promote sustainable returns and recovery. 

“By bringing local actors to the forefront of the return and recovery process, we will support them to drive transformative change in an inclusive manner,” said Jean-Philippe Chauzy, IOM South Sudan Chief of Mission. “We’ll engage communities through their capacities rather than their needs, regarding them as active drivers of recovery, as opposed to passive recipients of aid.” 

IOM has been implementing such recovery and resilience projects in South Sudan since 2011. Given its role as the global migration agency, IOM draws on decades of experience worldwide responding to the challenges in situations where conflict meets forced migration, as well as a long history of adapting its humanitarian response to the needs of affected populations. 

Moreover, IOM is committed to working with partners to uphold the dignity and well-being of returnees. Improving access and provision of services is vital for communities’ sustainable return. That builds trust across conflict lines and helps returnees resume economic activity and receive protection. 

 “This strategy will act as a blueprint for each target location in South Sudan, especially where we can leverage our current operational presence, existing community and partner relationships and contextual knowledge,” Chauzy added. 

For more information, kindly contact Nabie Loyce in IOM South Sudan, Tel: +211 912380115, Email: nloyce@iom.int 

Language English Posted: Friday, August 9, 2019 - 15:35Image: Region-Country: SudanThemes: Community StabilizationInternally Displaced PersonsDefault: Multimedia: 

Women displaced in Wau, South Sudan tailor clothes as part of IOM’s returns and recovery livelihood support programme. Photo: IOM/Olivia Headon 

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

First Data Collection Summer School for University Students in Chad

PBN News Germany - Fri, 08/09/2019 - 09:35

N’Djamena – In the world of humanitarian response, proper data leads to better practices. This summer, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) is sharing that lesson with university scholars in Chad to strengthen the capacity in the field of data collection and information management.  

Collecting data is key to better understanding of migrant flows and needs of displaced populations in Chad, where over 244,000 persons are currently displaced. Through IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) tool, data collection can help develop evidence-based policies, programming and improve the humanitarian response in the country.  

IOM organized the first DTM Summer School for university students in N’Djamena during the first week of August, a six-day training that hosted 15 undergraduate and graduate students in sociology, economics, information management and computer science. The IOM program offered participants exposure to data collection methodologies as well as the latest tools for data processing and analysis.  

“We want to build a talent pool to support and improve data collection in the country and continue to give opportunities to the youth to build upon their capacity,” said Yakin Mwanza, IOM DTM Coordinator in Chad, who emphasized the importance of annually renewing this initiative to offer more opportunities to Chadian youth to develop their skills in data collection and management. 

For most participants, the summer school provided their first technical training in the field. Participants also became more aware of IOM’s work in Chad, and how IOM’s reliance on reliable data can contribute to protecting displaced communities.  

“I encourage IOM to continue this initiative for all Chadian youth. This training helps us, the youth, to understand migration trends in our country and help contribute to the protection of displaced Chadians,” said Nanra, a data science student.  

After the training, participants took an exam to select four winners for internships with the DTM team.  

The DTM Summer School was made possible thanks to funding from the Federal Republic of Germany through its Emergency Assistance to Displaced Populations in Chad project and the Netherlands through the Enhancing the Understanding of Migration and Human Mobility in Chad Through Improved Migration-Related Data Management project. 

For more information, please contact Yakin Mwanza, Email: mwanzanzenza@iom.int 

Language English Posted: Friday, August 9, 2019 - 15:20Image: Region-Country: ChadThemes: Capacity BuildingMigration and YouthDefault: Multimedia: 

 Students simulating data collection with communities. Photo: IOM

Family photo of the DTM Summer School. Photo: IOM

Students simulating data collection with communities. Photo: IOM

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

Three Years On, Kilip Villagers Continue to Thrive with IOM, USAID, European Commission Support

PBN News Germany - Tue, 08/06/2019 - 10:41

Port Moresby – A United States Government delegation visited Kilip community over the weekend (03/08), eager to see the sustainable water supply and climate resilient agriculture project installed here in 2016 in response to the El Niño-induced drought. 

As part of its project, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) drilled 17 boreholes, giving access to safe drinking water to over 65,000 people across three provinces, namely Jiwaka, Enga and Chimbu.

Jointly funded by USAID and the European Commission, IOM’s Enhancing Climate-Resilient Agriculture and Water Supply in Drought-Affected Communities in Papua New Guinea project targeted the most-affected villages in the three provinces.

IOM also conducted participatory health and hygiene education instruction to some 15,777 beneficiaries in the communities most affected by drought. Also, part of the project: Pump-minder trainings for selected 30 community members in the targeted areas, where IOM equipped beneficiaries with practical skills, tools and personal protective gear to carry out maintenance for 17 boreholes, which will help guarantee their maintenance and sustainability.

These pump-minder trainings were complemented by water-user committee awareness, held for the selected 150 community champions to ensure local ownership and equity of access to the water sites.

Three years on, Kilip villagers and neighbouring communities continue to experience the benefits under the project.

During the visit by the US Government delegation, community members highlighted several benefits arising from the project including improved food security, access to safe drinking water and a decline in disease outbreaks. “Our children would always get sick in the past. We no longer visit the clinics regularly like we did before you [IOM] came to Kilip community. The education IOM gave us, and the borehole you drilled here benefits over 5,000 people in Kilip. We are a healthy community,” said one beneficiary.

IOM also implemented a sustainable agriculture intervention through technical trainings to 100 master farmers that reflect the understanding and improvement of the local and indigenous farming practices. The training focused on promoting community resilience while encouraging the use of locally developed hybrid varieties of crops and vegetables.

Enhancing the resilience of local communities and building the capacity of local farmers in sustainable agricultural practices is contributing to long-lasting impacts. Beneficiaries of rice farming (training, tools and seeds distribution) now are recording three harvests each year and reporting improved food security and resilient livelihood.

The rice farmers were proud of the 20 tonnes of rice their farms have yielded and noted that as their capacity to harvest rice grows, their ability to process rice was limited. They thus requested support for additional milling capability.

For more information please contact IOM Port Moresby. Lance Bonneau, Tel: +675 3213655, Email: lbonneau@iom.int or Peter Murorera, Email: pmurorera@iom.int  

Language English Posted: Tuesday, August 6, 2019 - 16:40Image: Region-Country: Papua New GuineaThemes: Migration and Climate ChangeMigration and EnvironmentDefault: Multimedia: 

IOM PNG Chief of Mission, USAID representatives and Kilip community members pose for a photo at the IOM support water point. Photo: IOM/Tomoko Sato

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

‘One Migrant – One Tree’: Over 100 Migrants Plant Trees on Niger’s Independence Day

PBN News Germany - Tue, 08/06/2019 - 10:38

Niamey – Niger’s economy is largely dependent on subsistence agriculture, making it vulnerable to adverse climatic conditions. It is estimated that more than 100,000 hectares of arable land are lost each year in Niger due to desertification. Periodic droughts and floods – as well as land degradation caused by overgrazing – aggravate existing vulnerabilities and put Niger’s population at risk.

Since 1975, Niger has celebrated National Arbor Day on 3 August – which also is the country’s Independence Day – by encouraging citizens to plant trees and organize environmental events. Both are essential to combating desertification across the country.

To mark the day, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) supported the initiative “One Migrant – One Tree” which saw more than 100 migrants from IOM’s transit centres in Niamey, as well as members of disadvantaged neighbourhoods, plant trees this past Saturday.

“Often people look at us as being a nuisance or a burden,” says Ousmane, 19, a migrant from the Central African Republic, who is staying at IOM’s transit centre in Niamey. “It’s good that we have the opportunity today to show that we can also help, that we can make a difference. These trees are proof; they will be the legacy we leave behind in Niger.”

The initiative “One Migrant – One Tree” supported by the European Union, within the framework of the Migrant Resource and Response Mechanism, is part of Project All Migrants, managed by JEMED, Jeunesse en Mission Entraide et Développement (Youth in Mission for Mutual Aid and Development) since 2014.

JEMED is a Christian non-governmental organization that supports the Niger government's efforts in its fight against food insecurity and environmental degradation due to climate change. As part of the organization’s activities, JEMED assists migrants in transit who reside in poor neighbourhoods in Niamey. The organization provides food, non-food items and medical assistance when needed, but also organizes outreach activities and, upon request, refers migrants to relevant organizations or one of IOM’s transit centres in Niamey.

To mark the 44th anniversary of National Arbor Day in Niger, 70 migrants staying in disadvantaged neighbourhoods were mobilized, along with 30 migrants from IOM’s transit centres in Niamey. As recommended by the authorities, the species chosen were mango trees or other species which provide shade. They were planted in the courtyard of school No. 5 in Niamey’s Koubia neighbourhood.

“It’s important to include migrants in such initiatives and make them feel valued in their host communities,” said minister Paul Abdoulaye Zagre, founder of Project All Migrants. “On one hand, we are working towards saving the environment; on the other, we are creating a fraternal bond between migrants and community members.  At the end of the day, we are more similar than we care to admit.”
This newly created green space will provide a better living environment for the school’s students, while also enabling them to grow an eco-conscious mentality. The students, along with the teachers, were sensitized during the day on environmental issues and climate change, but also on how to take care of the newly planted trees.

“This is a great opportunity for migrants and community members to come together and work towards the same goal,” said Barbara Rijks, IOM’s Chief of Mission in Niger. “We are happy to work with JEMED on this day of learning and awareness-raising about important issues such as the environment, while we create strong bonds between different members of the community.”
During the one-day activity, the migrants had the chance to discuss their migration journeys and hopes for the future. “This is a wonderful initiative. Not only will the planting of these trees make a big difference for children going to our school, it is also an opportunity for us to meet people from all over the continent,” added Adamou, 36, who lives in the neighbourhood. “This is a good reminder that in the end, we are all brothers.”
To address the economic issues related to land degradation, IOM also implements a community stabilization project in Agadez, funded by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), which aims to integrate migrants in host communities and facilitate the restoration of degraded lands.

Through the same project and with support from UK’s Department of International Development (DFID), IOM also provides one-week training sessions in agricultural techniques for migrants staying at IOM’s transit centre in Agadez, as they wait for their departure through the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) programme, under the EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration

For more information, please contact Monica Chiriac at IOM Niger at Tel: +227 8931 8764, Email: mchiriac@iom.int 

Language English Posted: Tuesday, August 6, 2019 - 16:35Image: Region-Country: NigerThemes: Migration and Climate ChangeMigration and EnvironmentDefault: Multimedia: 

 More than 100 migrants met on National Arbor Day to plant trees together. Photo: IOM/Daniel Kisito Kouawo

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

IOM Partners with Asiacell to Support Economic Recovery in Iraq

PBN News Germany - Tue, 08/06/2019 - 10:38

Erbil — The ISIL conflict displaced 6 million people in Iraq, disrupted the national economy and limited employment opportunities for citizens. Sixty per cent of jobs in Iraq are in the private sector, within Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs); very large numbers of those businesses experienced loss as a result of the conflict and need support to rebuild.

In Fallujah, for example, an International Organization for Migration (IOM) market assessment found that 69 per cent of construction businesses and 66 per cent of food-related businesses saw their workshops looted or burned between 2014 and 2017. Mosul and numerous other areas also showed high levels of damage and limited access to finance – challenges that the Enterprise Development Fund (EDF) is designed to help businesses overcome.

On Monday (05/08), IOM Iraq signed a memorandum of understanding with telecommunications company Asiacell to support innovation under the EDF – a livelihoods programme that contributes to economic recovery and private sector revitalization through tailored support to Small and Medium Enterprises.

The innovation component (EDFi) supports early-stage tech businesses and tech start-ups in Iraq that can contribute to the local economy and create jobs for young people in the tech sector.

“We strongly believe that the engagement of the private sector is a necessary condition for successful and sustainable economic recovery and job creation,” said IOM Chief of Mission Gerard Waite. “IOM Iraq looks forward to a long, productive collaboration with Asiacell, as we work to expand job creation and improve economic opportunities across Iraq.”

“Today marks the start of a strategic partnership between Asiacell and IOM that will bring the EDFi into effect in Iraq,” added Asiacell CEO Amer Sunna. “Asiacell looks forward to contributing to the development of youth skills and capabilities and setting the foundation for a powerful and sustainable economy.”

EDF aims to restore essential economic infrastructure by providing financial capital to SMEs in economic sectors that were successful prior to the conflict but suffered loss and damage and have a high demand for labour. By targeting key sectors and providing necessary funding, the EDF encourages rapid but also large-scale job creation. The fund has received hundreds of applications since the pilot phase was launched in September 2018, and 142 business grants have been approved to date.

“After the liberation of Mosul, I sold a small plot of land that I owned and tried my best to reopen my factory,” explained Moufaq Ahmed Mohamed, an EDF beneficiary and owner of an oxygen plant. “I started with only two workers. Later, I received a grant from IOM which enabled me to buy a generator which is crucial to my work.”

“[Before that] I frequently lost hours of work due to sudden power outages,” he continued. “This generator was a boon to my factory; I have been able to produce more, enabling me to hire more people and expand to 11 workers — which means feeding 11 families. This makes me very happy; this kind of support for the private sector contributes to the revival and rebuilding of Mosul.”

EDF forms part of IOM’s work in support of the people and Government of Iraq to promote sustainable recovery across the country.

IOM Iraq’s EDF is supported by the US Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM); the European Commission’s Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO); KfW, the German Development Bank; the Government of the Netherlands; and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

For more information please contact Rawan Saed at IOM Iraq, Email: rsaed@iom.int

Language English Posted: Tuesday, August 6, 2019 - 16:30Image: Region-Country: IraqThemes: Migration and DevelopmentDefault: Multimedia: 

The Enterprise Development Fund (EDF) is a livelihoods programme that contributes to economic recovery and private sector revitalization through tailored support to Small and Medium Enterprises in Iraq. Photo: IOM

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

IOM Welcomes Colombia’s Decision to Recognize Nationality by Birth to Children Born in the Country to Venezuelan Parents

PBN News Germany - Tue, 08/06/2019 - 10:38

Bogotá – The International Organization for Migration (IOM) welcomes the decision made by the Government of Colombia granting nationality to children born in the country, to Venezuelan parents. This measure will benefit more than 24,000 children who are at risk of statelessness.

With this exceptional and temporary administrative measure announced yesterday (05/08) by the President of Colombia, Iván Duque, the Government confirms its commitment to both human rights and international conventions, by guaranteeing boys and girls the right to a nationality, regardless of their migratory status.

“This resolution is a contribution towards regular and safe migration, which hopefully will facilitate the recognition of the fundamental rights of Venezuelan children, as well as contribute to their integration into the society,” said Ana Durán Salvatierra, IOM Colombia Chief of Mission.

The resolution will enter into force on 20 August 2019 and will be applied to children born in Colombian territory since 19 August 2015. The Government of Colombia will contribute to prevent this vulnerable population from becoming stateless, representing a very important step to guarantee its integral protection.

IOM, together with the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM) of the United States Department of State, will technically support the Colombian National Registry Office in the implementation of this resolution, as well as in the dissemination of the campaign Primero la Niñez.

The campaign seeks to inform the targeted population on how to access this measure, what procedures to follow, the date of entry into force of the initiative, as well as the role of the different entities.

According to Migración Colombia through its Administrative Special Unit, as of 30 June 2019, more than 1.4 million Venezuelans are in Colombia, being the first receiving country in the region.

In its efforts to support the Government in this campaign, IOM is joined by other United Nations agencies, namely the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF).

For more information, please contact IOM Colombia: Andrea López Pinilla, Email: anlopez@iom.int or Karen Mora, Tel: + (57) 1 639 7777, Email: kmora@iom.int

Language English Posted: Tuesday, August 6, 2019 - 16:25Image: Region-Country: ColombiaThemes: Migrants RightsRefugee and Asylum IssuesDefault: Multimedia: 

Campaign poster for Primero la Niñez.

Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

Mediterranean Migrant Arrivals Reach 39,289 in 2019; Deaths Reach 840

PBN News Germany - Tue, 08/06/2019 - 10:31


Geneva – The International Organization for Migration (IOM) reports that 39,289 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea through 4 August, roughly a 34 per cent decrease from the 59,271 arriving during the same period last year.

Arrivals this year to Greece and Spain are at 18,947 and 13,568, respectively, (32,515 combined) accounting for almost 83 per cent of the regional total, with the balance arriving in much smaller numbers to Italy, Malta and Cyprus. Arrivals to Greece are running approximately 16 per cent ahead of 2018’s totals from this time. Arrivals to Spain are almost 43 per cent lower.

Deaths recorded on the three main Mediterranean Sea routes through almost seven months of 2019 are at 840 individuals – or about 45 per cent of the 1,517 deaths confirmed during the same period in 2018 ( see chart below).

The 840 deaths at sea do not include, however, 20 persons reportedly drowned over the weekend. IOM Italy’s Flavio Di Giacomo reported late Monday that 49 migrants arrived in Lampedusa earlier in the day without escort – that is, apparently without any rescue effort by official units or NGO operations – stating that the arriving migrants saw at least 20 fellow passengers fall into the sea during their journey. The survivors came mainly from Côte d'Ivoire.

Missing Migrants Project

2019 is the sixth year of IOM’s efforts to systematically record deaths on migration routes worldwide through its Missing Migrants Project (MMP). Since the beginning of 2014, the project has recorded the deaths of 32,595 individuals, including 1,637 in 2019, through 4 August (see chart below).

Due to the challenges of collecting information about these people and the contexts of their deaths, the true number of lives lost during migration is likely much higher. MMP records should only be viewed as indicative of the risks associated with migration, rather than representative of the true number of deaths across time or geography.

Since the start of the year, about half of all global fatalities have occurred on three routes across the Mediterranean. These deaths are included among the 18,757 fatalities recorded by the Missing Migrants Project since 2014.

Several tragedies in the Mediterranean were documented since last week’s update. In the Central Mediterranean, an estimated 150 people lost their lives in a shipwreck off the coast of Al Khums, Libya, on 25 July. Approximately 134 survivors were rescued by fishermen and returned to the shore by the Libyan Coast Guard. In the days following the shipwreck, the remains of 43 people were recovered, while 107 people remain missing and unaccounted for.

In the Western Mediterranean, a young Algerian man reportedly went missing while trying to swim around the heavily guarded border fence separating Morocco and the Spanish exclave of Ceuta near El Tarajal.

IOM Yemen reported that 93 Ethiopian migrants were travelling on a boat from Djibouti to Yemen when it broke down. Around 26 of those on board where under the age of 18. They were stranded in the Gulf of Aden for one week without food or water. Survivors who managed to reach the shore in Al Buraiqeh, Yemen reported that around 15 of those onboard died, either of dehydration, starvation or drowning at sea.

In Europe, the remains of a man were found on 28 July on the Evros/Meriç river in the north-eastern Evros region, at the land border with Turkey. Since the start of 2019, MMP has documented the deaths of 14 people in this river, which forms a natural border between Greece and Turkey. In 2018, 55 fatalities were recorded on this border, compared with 14 over 2014–2017. Additionally, two deaths were reported in Bosnia and Herzegovina, near the border with Croatia: on 31 July, a young Algerian man was found dead near the town of Velika Kladuša, while a day later, on 1 August, a man of unknown nationality was hit by a train near Bihac.

In Mexico, a Salvadoran man was shot on 31 July, when he was attempting to climb onto a freight train in Saltillo, Coahuila. This incident was reported by the migrant shelter in Saltillo, where he had stayed with his eight-year-old son for a few days before continuing their journey north. He is among the 75 people recorded dead or missing by MMP in the region since the start of the year, of which 12 were children.

Of the recorded deaths this year, 21 per cent were due to violence. Additionally, in Mexico’s southern state of Chiapas, a 46-year-old Cuban man died on 2 August, apparently from cardiac arrest while walking the streets of Tapachula.

On the US-Mexico border, at least 27 people have died during the month of July, while six deaths have already been recorded since 1 August.

Most recently, the remains of three people who died of dehydration were found in different counties in Arizona, including those of two young women. In ranch lands of Maverick County, Texas, authorities recovered the remains of two men who died from dehydration between 31 July and 2 August. At the Lordsburg Border Patrol Station in New Mexico, a 32-year-old man from El Salvador died within hours of being apprehended near El Paso by US Border Patrol agents. He was travelling with his 11-year-old daughter – they wanted to join her mother, who lives in the US.

Several drownings also were reported in the Río Bravo/Rio Grande over the past few days: US authorities recovered the remains of a man in Hidalgo County on 25 July, while Mexican civil protection authorities retrieved one body in Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila on 28 July. They recovered three more bodies between 29 July and 2 August, in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas. In Reynosa, the remains of two men were recovered from the banks of the river on 2 August. IOM estimates that at least 228 people have died on the US-Mexico border in 2019. When looking at data compiled over time, 2,135 people have been recorded dead or missing along this border since the Missing Migrants Project started collecting data in 2014.

IOM’s Missing Migrants Project this year also has reported a sharp increase in the number of Venezuelan nationals who have died during migration since 2014, when the Missing Migrants researchers began documenting migrant fatalities worldwide.

From 2014 through 2016, MMP recorded a total of 7 fatalities of Venezuelans, zero in 2017, before recording a jump to 42 through all last year. Half of those 2018 fatalities occurred at sea between Venezuela and the Netherlands Antilles islands of Curaçao and Aruba.

In 2019, through just six and a half months, 82 fatalities have been recorded, or nearly twice those recorded all last year, and almost 60 per cent of all deaths reported of Venezuelan migrants since 2014. (see chart below).

In total, MMP has recorded the deaths of 137 Venezuelan nationals since 2014. Those fatalities were recorded in the following countries:  Curaçao, Aruba, the US-México border, Colombia, Ecuador, Trinidad and Tobago and Brazil.

In total, at least 485 people have lost their lives in the Americas in 2019, compared with 358 recorded through this point in 2018 – an increase of roughly 35 per cent.

Missing Migrants Project data are compiled by IOM staff based at its Global Migration Data Analysis Centre but come from a variety of sources, some of which are unofficial. To learn more about how data on migrants deaths and disappearances are collected, click here.

The report Fatal Journey Volume 4, published 28 June, includes an overview of five years of Missing Migrants Project data (2014-2018) and an update on what is known about deaths during migration in 2019.

Download chart here
For latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean, click here. Learn more about the Missing Migrants Project.
See contacts here.

Language English Posted: Tuesday, August 6, 2019 - 16:17Image: Region-Country: SwitzerlandThemes: Humanitarian EmergenciesMissing MigrantsDefault: Press Release Type: Global
Categories: PBN

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