Brussels/Geneva – Three UN agencies are calling on European States to increase resources and practical support for their school systems to ensure all refugee, asylum-seeking and migrant children can access and stay in quality education.
In a briefing paper published today (11/09), IOM, the International Organization for Migration, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency and UNICEF, the United Nations Children’s Fund detail the obstacles children and adolescents born outside Europe face when trying to access education in Europe.
Currently the number of children and adolescents born outside Europe (including recently arrived refugee and migrant children) who leave school early is nearly twice as high compared to native-born children. Migrant children also have lower learning outcomes when they are not given adequate support. For example, around 3 in 4 native-born students attain proficiency in science, reading and math but only 3 in 5 students with a migrant background do.
Among the key challenges highlighted in the report are:
- Insufficient financial resources
- Not enough school spaces or teachers trained to work with refugee and migrant children
- Language barriers
- A lack of psychosocial support and limited catch-up classes. The latter are vital for children who have missed extended periods of schooling or have come from different education systems.
Children of pre-primary age (3 to 5 years old) and upper secondary age (15 years and older) are particularly vulnerable to being out of school, as they are often beyond the scope of national legislation on compulsory education.
To help States tackle these challenges and address key data gaps, the paper gives examples of good and promising practices in education across Europe and makes a series of recommendations.
“For refugee children, education is not only vital for their own futures but for the communities in which they live. Quality education boosts life chances, facilitates integration, and is a win-win for the student and society. Investing in education for all is one of the best investments a government can make,” said Pascale Moreau, UNHCR Director of the Bureau for Europe.
The brief urges States to strengthen the links between schools and other critical public services, such as health and child protection to ensure that barriers to enrolment and factors contributing to early leaving are addressed. The paper also recommends increasing access to early childhood education services and promoting the integration of young people into upper secondary education and training programmes.
“With political will and additional investments, Governments across Europe can build inclusive public-school systems, ensuring all children, regardless of their migration status have their right to an education protected, while building inclusive and successful communities,” said Ms. Afshan Khan, UNICEF Regional Director for Europe and Central Asia and Special Coordinator for the Refugee and Migrant Response in Europe.
The three agencies also call on States to increase efforts and make further investments at both national and regional level to collect quality standardized and harmonized data on refugee, asylum-seeking and migrant children in education, to inform policy development and allocation of resources.
“Eliminating gaps in refugee and migrant children’s education is critical to their development and well-being and this can have a positive knock-on effect for society in general. Education also has the cohesive power to help refugee and migrant children and their families build links to the local communities and to contribute. Investing in inclusive and quality education will help us to meet our responsibility to ensure that no generation is left behind,” said Manfred Profazi, IOM Senior Regional Adviser for Europe and Central Asia.
Read the advocacy brief here.
As the leading inter-governmental organization in the field of migration, IOM works closely with our partners to promote orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration that benefits individuals and communities in countries of origin, transit and destination.
For more information about IOM, visit www.iom.int
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, leads international action to protect people forced to flee their homes because of conflict and persecution. We deliver life-saving assistance such as shelter, food and water, help safeguard fundamental human rights, and develop solutions that ensure people have a safe place to call home where they can build a better future. We also work to ensure that stateless people are granted a nationality.
For more information about UNHCR, visit https://www.unhcr.org/about-us.html
UNICEF promotes the rights and wellbeing of every child, in everything we do. Together with our partners, we work in 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action, focusing special effort on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere.
For more information about UNICEF and its work for children, visit www.unicef.org/eca
For more information on this topic, please contact:
IOM: Joel Millman, firstname.lastname@example.org, +41 79 103 8720
UNHCR: Shabia Mantoo, email@example.com, +41 79 337 7650
UNICEF: Chulho Hyun, firstname.lastname@example.org +41 22 909 52 86Language English Posted: Wednesday, September 11, 2019 - 09:51Image: Region-Country: BelgiumThemes: migrants in vulnerable situationsDefault: Multimedia:
Children living at the Pyli Reception and Identification Centre learn Greek at the KEDU non-formal education centre on the island of Kos, Greece. Photo: UNHCR/Socrates BaltagiannisPress Release Type: Global
Geneva – When Cyclone Komen hit Myanmar in 2015, Daw Lawng Hngel and her family had barely a moment’s notice to pack up their lives and escape the devastating landslides.
In the same year, tropical storm Mayak uprooted 6,500 islanders of the Federated States of Micronesia, including Detora and her family, who have lived on the island of Chuuk state for generations.
For several years now, the threat of drought and famine in southern Madagascar has forced farmers like Amadou Botokeky to burn their fields and look for livelihoods in other parts of the country.
Meanwhile, in the vast expanse of the Mongolian grasslands, T S Munkhsukh worries about the harsh winters and summer droughts, and the future of nomadic herders and their livestock.
The stories of Daw Lawng Hngel, Detora, Amadou Botokeky and T S Munkhsukh are part of a growing group of migrants on the move because of climate change. They may live thousands of miles apart from each other, but they share a common reality: accelerated climate change is threatening their homes and drastically altering their way of life.
Hazards such as floods, storm surges, droughts, cyclones and heavy precipitation, accentuated by climate change, take a huge toll on communities and force millions of people out of their homes every year.
Climate migration is one of the biggest challenges of our time. Unless action is taken, by 2050, there will be over 143 million people forced to migrate due to climate change across these three regions alone. Migration due to environmental changes is not a new phenomenon – what is new is the intensity and severity of these drivers due to our changing climate.
Find A Way is IOM’s global initiative focusing on the resilience and strength of those migrating due to climate change and embodies IOM’s commitment to finding solutions in the face of adversity. Through dedicated operational, research, policy and advocacy efforts, IOM brings climate and environmental migration to the heart of international, regional and national efforts. Whether it is preparing communities to be more resilient in the face of climate change or working with governments to manage internal migration and prepare for when climate migration occurs, IOM will always Find A Way to support vulnerable communities and leave no one behind.
IOM is at the forefront, helping people who have already suffered the impacts of climate change, to rebuild their lives with dignity, and be resilient to future shocks. But more needs to be done to preserve, protect, and often rebuild communities affected by climate change and migration. IOM calls on greater participation by the general public to take action and invites all concerned citizens to join its on-going efforts in supporting climate migrants.
Join IOM: #FindAWay to address climate migration
Find more details here: www.iom.int/findaway
For more information, please contact Deepika Nath at the IOM Geneva Office, Tel: +41 22 717 9897, Email email@example.com
link redirects to https://www.iom.int/en (page not found). Is it under embargo?Language English Posted: Tuesday, September 10, 2019 - 15:04Image: Region-Country: SwitzerlandThemes: Migration and Climate ChangeMigration and EnvironmentDefault: Multimedia:
In the face of adversity and nature’s fury, IOM will #FindAWay to help climate migrants around the world.
In the face of adversity and nature’s fury, IOM will #FindAWay to help climate migrants around the world.
In the face of adversity and nature’s fury, IOM will #FindAWay to help climate migrants around the world.Press Release Type: Global
London, Brussels – During the height of arrivals of refugees and migrants to Europe in 2015, more than 90,000 unaccompanied migrant children sought asylum on the continent. Last year, nearly 20,000 unaccompanied migrant children sought asylum in Europe.
To strengthen the standard of care and protection for these children, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) oversaw the Fostering Across Borders (FAB) project raising awareness and training over 170 professionals caring for unaccompanied migrant children in six European countries (Austria, Belgium, Greece, Luxembourg, Poland and the United Kingdom).
Today (10/09), a final event taking place in Brussels marks the close of the 18-month project.
“As a society, we have an obligation to provide protection and care to vulnerable people, and today I am thinking of the migrant children who reached Europe after a perilous journey,” said Dipti Pardeshi, IOM UK Chief of Mission.
“The FAB project’s bespoke training to professionals working with unaccompanied migrant children, especially for those in family-based care like foster care, may support better and brighter futures for these children,” Pardeshi continued.
According to the 2019 Fatal Journeys report, children who travel alone without family or friends are more vulnerable to threats such as exploitation, violence and abuse. Unaccompanied migrant children may have additional considerations including emotional and practical needs that must be addressed to help them recover, settle in a new country and realise their individual potential, in addition to varying cultural or religious backgrounds.
“When you first meet a young person from abroad, you have no real understanding of what they experienced or have gone through,” says Fiona, a foster care professional in the United Kingdom.
“You also have to realize that they are a young person just like any other young person. They are going to have their own worries, their own personal dreams,” Fiona continued.
Foster care, or family-based care, is widely regarded as the best form of care for unaccompanied migrant children, as fewer children go missing from foster care compared to reception centres or institutions. However, many foster carers have not received specific training on looking after migrant children or may be uncertain of the unique challenges these children face.
Since January 2018, IOM’s Fostering Across Borders project developed a foster care training programme adapted to each implementing country’s national context and providing information materials on the specific needs of unaccompanied migrant children. The project also engaged migrant children in focus group discussions and brought together stakeholders to promote the wider use of the family-based care model to support better outcomes for the children.
Please click here for more information on IOM’s Fostering Across Borders project, including all mapping and training materials, or watch a short video (English) about migrant children’s experience in foster care. This video is also available in Dutch, French, German, Greek, Polish and Welsh here.
For further information, please contact Abby Dwommoh at IOM UK, Tel: +44 (0) 20 7811 6060, Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgLanguage English Posted: Tuesday, September 10, 2019 - 15:10Image: Region-Country: United KingdomThemes: Migrant AssistanceMigration and YouthDefault: Multimedia:
In Austria, unaccompanied migrant children benefit from a foster care training under IOM’s “Fostering Across Borders” project. Photo: IOMPress Release Type: Global
IOM Strengthens Government Capacities for Comprehensive Care of Migrant Children in México, Whose Numbers Have More Than Doubled
México City – México’s National Migration Institute (INM) reports a 131 per cent increase in the first half of 2019 in the number of migrant children and adolescents in the country, compared with the same period last year.
During the first six months of 2019, Mexican migration authorities recorded 33,000 minors among all new arrivals, with 26 per cent of that population (8,500 boys and girls) arriving unaccompanied by an adult. These numbers do not include 21,900 adolescents returned to their country of origin with the assistance of the Mexican government during this same period.
In response, IOM has embarked on a series of regional meetings with professionals working in the child and adolescent protection systems of México’s border states. These workshops allow local governments to increase their capacity for a comprehensive and timely response to the concerns of migrant children.
IOM held meetings with officials from southern border states (Cancun and Quintana Roo) on 29-30 August. An event with the northern border representatives (Tijuana and Baja California) took place on 3-4 August.
During each of these encounters, analysis was shared on the conditions, characteristics and dynamics of the migratory flows crossing México. The meetings also fostered discussions on implementing the Comprehensive Care Route for the Rights of Migrant Children and Adolescents. That instrument – designed by México’s federal government, with support from IOM, UNICEF and UNHCR – defines specific institutional responsibilities, as well as weaknesses detected in existing government instruments.
“The migration of children and adolescents is a priority issue in migration governance worldwide and in the Americas,” said Alexandra Bonnie, coordinator of the IOM Mesoamerica – Caribbean programme. “This is due to the relevance of the phenomenon, the complexity of its causes and consequences, the differentiated needs for assistance and protection, and the need for a comprehensive approach to effectively protect the human rights of the people who make up this population.”
These activities are part of the Regional Migration Program: Mesoamerica – Caribbean, which is funded by the United States Department of State. At the regional level, within the framework of the Regional Conference on Migration, the said programme has allowed the design and implementation of the Regional Guidelines for the Comprehensive Protection of Children and Adolescents in the Context of Migration.
"What I have learned most is sensibility... It’s not the same to feel an ache when you left everything behind, more than to feel it when you are at home," said Gloria Elena Garza, Undersecretary of Legality and Government Services of Tamaulipas, about the situation of unaccompanied migrant children in México.
For more information, please contact Tatiana Chacón at the IOM Regional Office for Central America, North America and the Caribbean, Tel: 506 22125328, Email email@example.comLanguage English Posted: Tuesday, September 10, 2019 - 15:15Image: Region-Country: MexicoThemes: Capacity BuildingMigration and YouthDefault: Multimedia:
Children in pedagogical activities about migration in Tapachula, Mexico.
IOM stock photo for illustrative purposes by Tatiana Chacón.Press Release Type: Global
Palanca – Over three million people crossing the Ukraine–Moldova border yearly will benefit from improvements to the Ukraine–Moldova border crossing point in Palanca (Moldova), which came on stream on 6 September.
Jointly operated by the border authorities of Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova, the new Contact Point ensures real time exchange of data on persons and vehicles crossing the border, alert lists, emergency situations, and other issues. The Contact Point was equipped and refurbished by IOM with EUR 60,000 funding from the European Union.
Ukrainian and Moldovan border guard officers confirm that the exchange of information between them has already become more efficient. “If questions arise at the border and officers need information from databases, they can address the Contact Point and get rapid answers, which is better for the public also,” said Iryna Klimenko, chief representative of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine at the Palanca Contact Point.
Her opposite number, Viorel Dira, coordinator of the Palanca Contact Point with the General Inspectorate of the Border Police of the Republic of Moldova agreed. “This is a good embodiment of the enhanced Moldovan–Ukrainian collaboration for implementation of the integrated border management concept.”
IOM and the EU are also assisting both governments in modernizing Kuchurhan–Pervomaisk and Reni–Giurgiulesti border crossing points, where automated systems for exchange of information on travellers and vehicles are being developed.
“IOM is proud to assist Ukrainian and Moldovan border authorities in further improving their capacity and enhancing integrated border management at this busy Eastern European frontier,” said Anh Nguyen, Acting Chief of Mission at IOM Ukraine. “Our common goal is secure and more efficient border control which at the same time will help decrease queues and waiting time for travellers and transport,” he added.
Expanding the network and improving the work of joint contact points is part of Ukraine’s new National Integrated Border Management Strategy up to 2025, developed with the European Union’s assistance.
“The Palanca Contact Point is an additional piece that adds to national and international efforts to facilitate cross-border mobility of people. With the generous financial support of the EU, now we can respond to the needs of the border agencies of both countries and, in particular, to establish necessary conditions to improve performance of border management authorities and secure border management processes,” stated Lars Johan Lönnback, Chief of Mission at IOM Moldova.
For more information, please contact Varvara Zhluktenko at IOM Ukraine, Tel: +38 044 568 50 15, +38 067 447 97 92, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Diana Bojenco at IOM Moldova, Tel: +373 22 23 29 40/41, +373 68 151 169, Email: email@example.comLanguage English Posted: Tuesday, September 10, 2019 - 15:20Image: Region-Country: UkraineThemes: Integrated Border ManagementDefault: Multimedia:
Valentin Fiodorov, Head of the General Inspectorate of the Border Police of the Republic of Moldova (L), and Viktor Babiuk, Acting Head of the Southern Regional Directorate of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine (R), opening the common Contact Point. Photo: The State Border Guard Service of Ukraine
Palanca border crossing point. Photo: The State Border Guard Service of Ukraine
Iryna Klimenko, chief representative of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine at the Palanca Contact Point (L) with her colleague are ready to ensure fast and secure border control. Photo: The State Border Guard Service of UkrainePress Release Type: Global
Jakarta – The Training Centre of Indonesia’s Attorney General’s Office (BADIKLAT) and IOM Indonesia, with support from Australia’s Department of Home Affairs, have launched an e-learning mentoring programme for prosecutors to improve their effectiveness in investigating and securing convictions against human traffickers.
According to the US State Department’s 2019 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report, despite efforts to combat human trafficking, Indonesia is still a source, transit and destination country for trafficking in persons. In 2018, there were 316 trafficking cases prosecuted and 279 convictions nationwide – slightly fewer than in 2017.
“This mentoring programme is a major breakthrough for BADIKLAT and the Attorney General’s Office. We have high expectations that the e-learning platform will make the learning and teaching process more efficient and sustainable,” said Indonesian Attorney General Drs. H. M. Prasetyo.
Since 2015, IOM Indonesia has collaborated extensively with the Attorney General’s Office. It has completed a joint legal review on handling trafficking in persons cases and conducted training programmes for 161 prosecutors throughout the archipelago.
“Building on the previous successful collaboration between BADIKLAT and IOM, we plan to replicate e-learning-based mentoring across all learning modules in the BADIKLAT system,” said Head of BADIKLAT Setia Untung Arimuladi.
In the pilot phase of the TIP mentoring programme, 14 prosecutors will be selected as protégés and paired with six mentors from BADIKLAT, the Attorney General’s Office and the National Agency for the Protection of Victims and Witnesses (LPSK).
“We hope that the 14 protégés from the pilot will in turn become mentors for other prosecutors, more people will become engaged, and as a result we will see an increase in the number of prosecuted TIP cases across Indonesia,” said IOM Indonesia Chief of Mission Louis Hoffmann.
Since 2005, IOM Indonesia has identified and assisted over 9,100 victims of human trafficking. The majority were Indonesian nationals exploited in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Middle East and other migrant destination countries.
For more information, please contact Among Pundhi Resi at IOM Jakarta. Tel: +62 21 57951275, Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgLanguage English Posted: Tuesday, September 10, 2019 - 15:25Image: Region-Country: IndonesiaThemes: Capacity BuildingCounter-TraffickingDefault: Multimedia:
IOM Indonesia Chief of Mission Louis Hoffmann addresses the launch of a mentoring programme to help Indonesian prosecutors convict human traffickers. Photo: IOM.Press Release Type: Global
Berlin – African migrants are perishing at a rate of about 25 persons per week – or about 1,300 annually – on the African continent, even before embarking on perilous sea journeys to Europe or the Arabian Peninsula. Since 2014 over 7,400 men, women and children have died in transit across Africa, new records published today by IOM’s Missing Migrants Project (MMP) show.
These recently added records bring the total number of deaths documented on the African continent to 607 in 2019, and 7,435 in the last five years. Moreover, these figures fail to capture the true scale of the tragedy, as they represent only fatalities which have been reported.
The new records are based on hundreds of eyewitness accounts collected from migrants through surveys by the Mixed Migration Centre’s Monitoring Mechanism Initiative (4Mi). The interviews with migrants were conducted by 4Mi between December 2018 and April 2019 in West, North and East Africa and were analysed by the Missing Migrants Project team before being added to its MMP database.
However, 4Mi interviews covered only a small sample of the total number of migrants on the move in Africa – meaning that hundreds of additional deaths likely remain unreported and, of course, uncounted.
Nonetheless, due to the absence of other sources of information, surveys such as those conducted by 4Mi reveal important information about migrants’ experiences, including the risks to life that people face during their journeys.
Records show that thousands of people lose their lives as they journey through North Africa, where 4,400 deaths have been reported since 2014. However, deaths in this region are not well documented, and the true number of lives lost during migration remains unknown.
Migration routes in Sub-Saharan Africa also are dangerous, as demonstrated by the 1,830 deaths recorded by the project since 2014. Many of these deaths were recorded in West Africa, where 240 people were reported dead in 2019.
Overland routes in the Horn of Africa and the perilous sea passage across the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea have claimed the lives of at least 1,171 people since 2014. Migrants reported having witnessed others die from starvation, dehydration, exposure to harsh weather conditions, vehicle accidents and violence at the hands of smugglers.
Unfortunately, survey data contain no information on the identities of those whom survey participants witnessed die. Beyond initiatives like 4Mi, little efforts have been made to collect more information on people who die on migration journeys in the African continent. Their remains may never be recovered, nor their deaths investigated. Their deaths may also not be known by their families, who are forced to navigate daily life with the pain of not knowing whether their loved one is alive or dead.
For more information on the strengths and weaknesses of different data sources on deaths during migration, including survey data, please see Fatal Journeys Volume 3, Part 1.
For more information contact IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre:
Julia Black, Email: email@example.com, Tel: +49 30 278 778 27
Marta Sánchez Dionis, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Tel: +49 30 278 778 43
“After a week in the desert, I couldn’t go on anymore, so I told my group to leave me there...After they found 23 survivors, they also found me, further away between a pile of corpses. They thought I was dead and so did I.” Patrick, originally from Nigeria, was interviewed in July 2017 at IOM’s transit centre in Dirkou, Niger.
“After a week in the desert, I couldn’t go on anymore, so I told my group to leave me there...After they found 23 survivors, they also found me, further away between a pile of corpses. They thought I was dead and so did I.” Patrick, originally from Nigeria, was interviewed in July 2017 at IOM’s transit centre in Dirkou, Niger.Press Release Type: Global
Geneva – A new report by the International Organization for Migration’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC) in collaboration with the Organization’s Media and Communications Division (MCD) provides robust evidence on the positive impact of peer-to-peer awareness raising on the decision-making of potential migrants in West Africa.
The report Migrants as Messengers – The Impact of Peer-to-Peer Communication on Potential Migrants in Senegalreleased today (10/09) in Geneva reveals that 19 per cent of potential migrants surveyed were better informed, 25 per cent more aware of the risks of irregular migration and one-in-five less likely to do so after participating in IOM awareness raising events in Dakar, Senegal, relative to a control group who did not.
“Measuring the impact of communications campaigns is notoriously difficult,” said Jasper Tjaden, Head of Impact Evaluation Unit, GMDAC. “Migrants as Messengers has been subjected to the kind of stress test rarely applied to campaign work that validates IOM’s approach of empowering trusted migrant voices to educate their peers.”
IOM’s Missing Migrants Project reports more than 14,000 people have died attempting to enter Europe irregularly since 2014, a figure that is likely greatly under-estimated. Years of field surveys consistently reveal that many migrants begin their journeys with little accurate information about the dangers they face along the way. Many fall victim to misinformation circulated by human smugglers, traffickers and, unwittingly, other migrants.
At its heart, Migrants as Messengers is a campaign undertaken by migrants for migrants. Using a participatory design approach, it builds on direct and authentic communication among peers of the same community who have been identified as trusted, influential voices, rather than the top-down messaging that is a feature of many traditional communications campaigns.
The awareness raising events evaluated for today’s report featured a film screening of personal testimonials of returning Senegalese migrants sharing their own journeys. These authentic testimonials were captured by trained returnees using IOM’s Community Response App, a smartphone-based digital storytelling toolkit.
The film was followed by a discussion about migration between returnees and community members.
The impact evaluation is IOM’s first randomized controlled trial, considered the most rigorous and scientific way of evaluating the effect of a programme or policy. The report is the first in a series of similar impact evaluations that will assess the effects of IOM information and awareness raising campaigns, and responds directly to a 2017 GMDAC study that identified clear evidence gaps in this field.
These studies will contribute to achieving Objective 3 of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, which calls for more “evidence-based information campaigns” and aim to support a global culture of evidence-informed policymaking.
The report is co-funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) and the Netherlands’ Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
“Communications of one type or another is at the core of much of IOM’s work, but meaningful evaluations require time and resources: the days of measuring impact by the number of fliers distributed and radio PSAs broadcast are gone,” said Amy Rhoades, Community Engagement Programme Manager, IOM.
“In this light, the Netherlands government, which funded the first phase of Migrants as Messengers being presented today, should be congratulated for their work identifying gaps in the assessments of past migrant-focused campaigns, issuing clear, insightful recommendations and a way forward that demand greater accountability for the projects they are funding.”
For more information regarding the Report, please contact Jasper Tjaden at IOM GMDAC, Tel: +4930 27877822, Email: email@example.com
For more information regarding IOM’s awareness raising campaigns, please contact Amy Rhoades at IOM Geneva, Tel: +41797011679, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Link?Language English Posted: Tuesday, September 10, 2019 - 15:35Image: Region-Country: SwitzerlandThemes: IOMOthersDefault: Multimedia:
Young Senegalese who returned home from Libya and Morocco interview one another about their migration experiences. Photo: IOM/Julia Burpee
MaM report coverPress Release Type: Global
Nassau – As search and rescue operations continue in Abaco and Grand Bahama, islands in the Bahamas devastated last week by Hurricane Dorian, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) is moving quickly to mobilise resources to assist rehabilitation efforts. Yesterday (09/09), IOM started the distribution of 1,000 tarpaulin coats in Marsh Harbour – the largest urban centre in Abaco. The tarps will be used as a temporary fix for roofs torn by the violent Category 5 storm.
In places like Marsh Harbour, the devastation is particularly startling. Communities such as The Mudd and Pigeon Pea, where 70 per cent of informal housing in Abaco existed, and where an overwhelming majority of Haitian migrants resided, has been decimated.
"The Mudd is gone," said IOM's Brian Kelly, who is now leading the UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination Team in the area. “They [the Haitian migrants] are in a very tough situation, just as many of the Bahamians. A lot of people are facing very difficult circumstances and we're going to help out as much as we can."
On Sunday (08/09) IOM participated in an assessment mission to Abaco, along with representatives from UNICEF, UNDP and Mission of Hope. The team visited most of the emergency shelters on the island.
"According to official reports, approximately 76,000 people were affected by Dorian. Thousands of people have been evacuated from the affected areas; about 860 people are being housed in emergency shelters in Nassau. The rest of the people remain in the affected areas," said Vynliz Dailey, the IOM officer in the assessment mission. "No electricity or running water is available, and parts of the affected communities, particularly in Abaco, are destroyed and are uninhabitable."
Jan-Willem Wegdam, IOM's emergency response coordinator, has met with the office of the Prime Minister and other government officials responsible for mass evacuation and emergency shelter, to coordinate the response to the affected population.
"We are committed to using all resources made available to us to support the Government and people of Bahamas during this difficult time," declared Wegdam. "We have specialists and experts on the ground and on the way to ensure that we deliver the best possible service to those who need it the most in the shortest possible time. Even during the emergency phase, we are focused on medium- and long-term strategies that will contribute to the development of the islands."
Wegdam stated that IOM is preparing to roll out its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and support the coordination of emergency shelters and household repair solutions, among other responses. To this end, experts on Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), Migrants in Countries in Crises (MICIC) and DTM will be deployed this week to strengthen the team on the ground and to begin project implementation.
For more information please contact Jorge Gallo at the IOM Regional Office for Central America, North America and the Caribbean, Tel: +506 7203 6536, Email: email@example.comLanguage English Posted: Tuesday, September 10, 2019 - 15:40Image: Region-Country: BahamasThemes: Humanitarian EmergenciesInternally Displaced PersonsDefault: Multimedia:
"The Mudd is gone," says IOM's Brian Kelly, referring to a community at Marsh Harbour where most of the inhabitants were Haitian migrants. Photo: IOM / Vynliz Dailey
IOM has distributed 1,000 tarpaulin coats in Marsh Harbour – the largest urban centre in Abaco. The tarps will be used as a temporary fix for roofs torn by the violent Category 5 storm. Photo: IOM / Brian Kelly
On Sunday (08/09) IOM participated in an assessment mission to Abaco, along with representatives from UNICEF, UNDP, and Mission of Hope. Photo: IOM / Vynliz DaileyPress Release Type: Global
Kuala Lumpur – The Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) have organized the country’s first National Forum on Forced Labour and Human Rights.
The one-day event, on September 3rd, served as a platform for 140 policymakers, industry experts, government officials, and representatives of recruitment companies and civil society groups to discuss key challenges faced by businesses when implementing measures to tackle modern slavery and forced labour in supply chains.
Labour law reforms and recommendations, strengthening migrant worker’s rights through coordinated action, and the business case for greater transparency in global supply chains were among the topics discussed.
Over half of the world’s 25 million victims of human trafficking and slavery are found in the Asia-Pacific region. The majority are linked to the formal economy and global supply chains. While migrant workers are often in demand to fill critical labour shortages, they are frequently more vulnerable to exploitation and unfair labour practices than locally recruited labour.
Minister of Human Resources M. Kula Segaran told delegates that Malaysia stands against forced labour practices in global supply chains and the recruitment process.
“We are a transit and destination country for migrant workers mainly from Bangladesh, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, the Philippines and Viet Nam. It is our responsibility to ensure we explore collaborative policies and initiatives to eliminate forced labour and reimagine business modalities,” he said.
He noted that the government has undertaken several corrective measures to address modern-day challenges related to forced labour practices in the country. The Department of Labour conducted over 40,000 inspections between March 2018 and April 2019 and resolved 14,009 cases of labour disputes. In this period, labour courts ordered employers to provide workers with back wages of over RM34.4 million (USD 8.26 million.)
“There has never been a more urgent time to address this problem, which is occurring right in our backyard. While it is a challenging issue to tackle, a collective, progressive and comprehensive answer to combating modern-day slavery must be put into action now,” said IOM Malaysia Head of Office Kendra Rinas.
“IOM’s Corporate Responsibility in Eliminating Slavery and Trafficking (CREST) initiative offers a regional partnership approach. It proactively addresses vulnerabilities faced by migrant workers and aims to realize the potential of ethical business by working with global and local brands, as well as their suppliers and business partners, in enhancing transparency in labour supply chains,” she added.
Between 2010 and 2017 the number of documented foreign workers in Malaysia increased from 1.7 million to 2.2 million. By the end of 2018, there were also an estimated 2 to 4 million undocumented migrants working in the country. The majority are from Bangladesh, Indonesia, Myanmar and Nepal.
According to the US State Department’s 2019 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report, some are subjected to practices that indicate forced labour. These include passport retention, contract violations, restricted movement, wage fraud, and imposition of significant debts by recruitment agents or employers, among other violations of their rights. They include domestic workers and migrants employed particularly in agricultural plantations, construction and the garment industry.
Recruiters play a central role in the ethical recruitment of migrant workers and IOM’s International Recruitment Integrity System (IRIS) is designed to strengthen management practices and create a new kind of demand for responsible recruitment. It promotes the “Employer Pays Principle,” which calls on employers to pay the full costs of recruitment, while seeking greater overall transparency.
Datuk Godfrey Gregory Joitol, Vice Chairman of SUHAKAM, told participants that while historically the protection of human rights has been considered a government responsibility, times have changed. “While governments have the primary duty to protect, respect and fulfil human rights, business organizations have an important complementary role to play in addressing the challenges of forced labour practices,” he said.
In June, the Malaysian government committed to develop a National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights to complement and build on various government- related initiatives and policies, and to create an enabling business environment for responsible investment in the country.
For more information please contact Malarvili Meganathan at IOM Malaysia, Tel. +60392355476, Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgLanguage English Posted: Friday, September 6, 2019 - 15:02Image: Region-Country: MalaysiaThemes: IOMDefault: Multimedia:
Delegates gather in Kuala Lumpur for Malaysia’s first National Forum on Forced Labour and Human Rights. Photo: IOM
Delegates gather in Kuala Lumpur for Malaysia’s first National Forum on Forced Labour and Human Rights. Photo: IOMPress Release Type: Global
Addis Ababa – The International Organization for Migration (IOM) Mission in South Africa this week is supporting an educational visit for students to the African Union Commission (AUC) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia as part of the organization's efforts to increase awareness of migration as a key driver in the development agenda. This visit is a culmination of preparatory work dating back to the Mkhaya Migrant Award Essay Competition of 2016.
The seven student winners of the essay competition – an initiative by South Africa’s Department of Home Affairs (DHA) in response to the xenophobic attacks of 2015 – represent the country’s provincial universities. They are in Addis Ababa to gain an insight on the dynamics that inform policy decision making processes on the continent, with a special focus on migration governance.
The students have visited the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), Addis Ababa University’s Institute for Peace and Security Studies (IPSS) as well as IOM's Special Liaison Office in Ethiopia to gain insight on multilateralism."
They are accompanied by officials from IOM, South Africa’s DHA and the Department of Social Development (DSD).
Lily Sanya, IOM Chief of Mission in South Africa, who is accompanying the delegation said, “This is a strategic partnership that we hope will lay a foundation for youth engagement at the highest platform and also identify a possible youth ambassador to work with on future social cohesion programmes specifically as a tool towards realising an integrated continent guided by the aspirations of the African Union’s Agenda 2063.”
Maureen Achieng, IOM Chief of Mission in Ethiopia welcomed the South African delegation saying, “Despite the bleak backdrop against which this visit is taking place, it was planned months ago and I come out of it heartened by the genuine interest I sense on the part of the Government of South Africa and the youth from that country to understand better the continental migration dynamics, and how the vexed phenomenon that is migration could be better managed for the benefit of host countries and of the migrants themselves in South Africa.”
“This visit will go a long way in empowering these young people to influence change and perceptions, drive programmes that support integration and strengthen communication at all levels within the country,” noted Peter Netshipale, Deputy Director General, Community Development in DSD.
The DHA representative, Nolwandle Qaba, added, “This as an opportunity for the future leaders of South Africa to gain a better understanding of continental integration and its benefits and on their return home, they can channel their learnings to fellow youth and contribute to breaking stereotypes about other countries and nationalities.”
This visit further complements IOM’s global efforts on youth and migration issues. Earlier this year the first International Dialogue on Migration (IDM) of 2019 took place in New York and it provided a global, diverse and inclusive platform for discussions to engage the youth with not only decision makers on migration, but also with other key actors in migration and related-areas, at all levels.
For more information, please contact Ntokozo Mahlangu at IOM South Africa, Tel: +27 12 342 2789 (Ext. 246), Email: email@example.comLanguage English Posted: Friday, September 6, 2019 - 15:05Image: Region-Country: South AfricaThemes: IOMDefault: Multimedia:
South African officials and students visiting the African Union Commission in Addis Ababa. The visit was organised by IOM. Photo: IOM
Maureen Achieng, IOM Chief of Mission in Ethiopia (left) and Lily Sanya, IOM Chief of Mission in South Africa (3rd from left) meet with South African officials in the IOM office in Addis Ababa. Photo: IOM
South African officials and students at Addis Ababa University’s Institute for Peace and Security Studies. Photo: IOM
South African officials and students at the African Union Commission in Addis Ababa. Photo: IOMPress Release Type: Global
Seoul – Attacks on aid workers on humanitarian frontlines not only compromise their personal security, but also hamper humanitarian responses. According to a recently released Aid Worker Security Report, in 2018 some 405 aid workers worldwide fell victim to major attacks. Of these, 131 were killed, 144 were injured and 130 kidnapped.
Over 900 Korean aid workers are now working abroad and in need of practical pre-departure security training. IOM in the Republic of Korea (ROK) is responding to a growing demand for this type of training and this week co-hosted a four-day Safe and Secure Approaches to Field Environments (SSAFE) programme.
“Many Korean aid workers are dispatched abroad without formal security training,” said IOM Seoul Head of Office Mihyung Park. “To make this essential security training more accessible to Korean humanitarian actors, we have now been hosting the SSAFE for five consecutive years.”
First introduced in 2007 by the UN Systems Staff College (UNSSC) and the UN Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS), SSAFE training has equipped UN and NGO workers around the world with the relevant knowledge and skills they need to respond to various security incidents and threats that they may encounter in the field.
This year’s training in Incheon was facilitated by IOM’s Office of Staff Security (OSS) and jointly organized by the ROK International Peace Supporting Standby Force (IPSSF) – a unit of the ROK armed forces which provides training for peacekeeping missions. Some 22 participants from UN agencies, NGOs and ROK government departments took part.
The training addressed a wide range of topics, ranging from first aid and basic lifesaving to incident management and hostage survival. It also offered scenario-based exercises where professional role players from the IPSSF simulated real-life security incidents.
“The dynamic and multifaceted nature of security threats in the field necessitates a comprehensive range of instruction and practical approaches. Our scenario-based training offers hands-on learning experience by immersing trainees in real-life situations and providing them with constant feedback,” said IOM OSS Director William Wairoa-Harrison.
IOM ROK implements various capacity building trainings and workshops for Korean humanitarian actors, including the SSAFE training. It receives funding from USAID’s Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA).
For more information please contact Jieun Kim at IOM Seoul, Tel: +82 70 4820 0291, Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgLanguage English Posted: Friday, September 6, 2019 - 15:10Image: Region-Country: Republic of KoreaThemes: Capacity BuildingDefault: Multimedia:
South Korean aid workers study first aid and basic lifesaving at a SSAFE training in Incheon. Photo: IOMPress Release Type: Global
Cox’s Bazar – In the giant Kutupalong refugee camp, Nesaro received a second visit from an IOM enumerator at her small, makeshift shelter, where she lives with her three children. She was taken aback the first time the team asked about the camp and her concerns; Nesaro said she had never thought about such things.
By the time the team returned, she had spoken to neighbours and family and was prepared to voice concerns about her household and neighbourhood.
“One of the most important issues right now is security,” she told the enumerator. The community recently experienced threats of kidnapping and Nesaro said that more security was needed to protect young people.
Nesaro explained that many shelters were damaged during the rainy season – now in its final weeks – and that several pathways had been blocked.
The effort to learn the views of women like Nesaro is part of an IOM Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) pilot project designed to expand information-gathering and ensure that women’s views are incorporated in feedback from the sprawling camps, which are home to nearly a million Rohingya refugees from Myanmar.
The NPM conducts regular surveys to determine humanitarian needs, priorities and demographic trends. It employs 120 enumerators split into 12 teams.
Each enumerator is equipped with a personal tablet showing the camp’s blocks and structures through an app that uses a Global Information System (GIS). This provides live satellite mapping and positioning.
The teams cover four blocks per day, asking refugee representatives a list of pre-arranged questions. Each set of interviews includes a male and a female respondent interviewed separately.
A total of 4,000 interviews are completed for incorporation into a quarterly report that contributes to the statistical basis of the humanitarian response in the Cox’s Bazar camps.
With the first pilot now complete, the response has been far better than initially expected. “It is common to ask women about their immediate home and family, but we wanted them to think more about their broader communities. It was a bit of a shift, especially with a survey of this magnitude,” said NPM Field Coordinator Adam James.
The effort began in September 2018 when women started to participate in focus groups to discuss community concerns. This was expanded in May 2019 when enumerators began visiting women respondents in the camps to obtain their feedback.
Out of interviews in almost 2,000 locations, the NPM team set a modest goal of achieving a 25 per cent response rate. They were astonished when it resulted in 100 per cent participation.
The strong deliverables also challenge assumptions about rank in the camps. “The view was that you needed to have a formal position of authority in order to have a view on community issues. This clearly goes against that,” James added.
Noor, who lives in a nearby shelter, told enumerators that for her, access to education is a major concern. “Children need better language skills and a classroom that’s close by so they can go there and back in a way that’s safe,” she said. She also raised other issues relating to access to food and shelter materials, noting that other members of her community share the same concerns.
For enumerator Asma Ul Hosna – who has been interviewing refugees since the crisis began in mid-2017 – the responses have changed over time. “In the initial days after the refugees arrived, the main issues were the simple chaos of the situation. People couldn’t reach their homes because there were no paths. There was little or no reliable access to food or other aid. Now the concerns are more about security and services,” she said.
Having women as part of the process has improved the quality and quantity of data that previously came exclusively from the male leadership. “We want the pilot to serve as an example so that women have more confidence expressing their views – not just about their family, but about the community as a whole,” she added.
For more information please contact George McLeod at IOM Cox’s Bazar, Tel: +880 18 7071 8078, Email: email@example.com
Language English Posted: Friday, September 6, 2019 - 15:20Image: Region-Country: BangladeshThemes: Refugee and Asylum IssuesRohingya CrisisDefault: Multimedia:
Enumerators from IOM’s Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) team ensure that women’s voices are heard in the Rohingya refugee camps. Photo: IOM.
Enumerators from IOM’s Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) team ensure that women’s voices are heard in the Rohingya refugee camps. Photo: IOM.Press Release Type: Global
Maputo – The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) with support from the International Organization for Migration (IOM) this week began distributing seeds and farming tools to approximately 11,000 families affected by Cyclone Idai.
“I lost my house and my farm in the floods. My two children and I were trapped by the water. A man came by with a canoe and he rescued us. We suffered a lot,” said Domingas, 23, who tills a small plot of land with a shovel and hoe to feed her children.
Cyclone Idai which swept through the region nearly six months ago displacing hundreds of thousands of people, deprived her of even that meagre livelihood and fuelled widespread food insecurity. She now lives at Ndeja resettlement centre in Sofala province along with her husband, brothers and children.
“I used to grow maize and lettuce to sell in the local market. We are still in need but now with these seeds and tools I will plant, grow my own food, and sell the surplus to support my family.”
In Mozambique, Cyclones Idai and Kenneth six weeks later and related floods, affected over 2.2 million people and left 1.65 million people severely food insecure, nearly double the food insecure population in 2018. Cyclone Idai alone damaged approximately 800,000 hectares of crops.
The vulnerable small hold farming households that will receive assistance include all the families (over 50,000 individuals) in nearly 50 of the 68 resettlement sites established after Cyclone Idai, which made landfall in Mozambique on March 14. The distributions will be in the provinces of Manica and Sofala.
The packages include seeds: tomato, onion, cabbage, okra and couve (kale), along with tools (two hoes, one machete and one watering can). These diversified crops will draw residual moisture from the soil in lowland areas, and their harvest will contribute to food security and nutrition for households and communities. With these early maturing vegetables, crops can be harvested beginning 90 days after planting. After distribution of vegetable seeds, FAO District Services of Economic Activities (SDAE) technicians will continue support with technical assistance to growers.
“Cyclone Idai caused immense loss including homes, crops and arable land, which is devastating for families that depend on subsistence farming,” said FAO Representative in Mozambique Olman Serrano. “This distribution of seeds and farming tools will assist these affected families to jumpstart their agricultural activities in their effort to rebuild their livelihoods.”
“Displaced families, many of whom have moved two or more times since the cyclone, are now in resettlement sites and are taking steps towards recovery,” said IOM Mozambique Chief of Mission Katharina Schnöring. “This seed distribution will speed their recovery process. We commend the leadership of the Government of Mozambique and collaboration with FAO to assist families to move forward.”
More than 83,000 people (over 16,700 households) who were displaced and could not return home are currently living in 68 different resettlement sites, established by the Government of Mozambique. According to the latest IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Multi-Sectoral Location Assessment, families at the majority of resettlement sites reported food as their greatest need, followed by water, education, shelter, and health services.
For this seed and tools distribution, FAO and humanitarian partners are beginning distributions in areas where populations are more vulnerable, and in locations where the Government of Mozambique has already allocated plots of land for families displaced by Cyclone Idai, to be used for machambas, small holder planting.
FAO’s overall programme of seed and tools distribution includes vegetable seed distribution in four provinces (Manica, Sofala, Zambezia and Tete) with a total of 76,000 household beneficiaries (382,500 individuals), including approximately 11,000 families in resettlement sites. The FAO emergency response programme is funded by the World Bank, the National Sustainable Development Fund (FNDS) of Mozambique, the Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) and the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF). FAO has already distributed maize and bean seeds to more than 18,000 households in Manica and Sofala. In this second phase, FAO is distributing additional seeds and tools and reaching Tete and Zambezia provinces.
Families who experienced crop damage and loss of food, seed reserves, and livestock are prioritized in the distributions, with additional priorities for woman-headed households, the elderly and other disadvantaged groups. Selection of beneficiaries is conducted in collaboration with local government, including the Provincial Directorates of Agriculture (DPASA), relief committees, community leaders and local NGOs.
For more information please contact:
IOM: Sandra Black, Tel: +258 852 162 278, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
FAO: Telcínia dos Santos, Tel: +258 21498514, Email: Telcinia.Nhantumbo@fao.orgLanguage English Posted: Friday, September 6, 2019 - 15:15Image: Region-Country: MozambiqueThemes: Community StabilizationInternally Displaced PersonsDefault: Multimedia:
The FAO, supported by IOM, is distributing seeds and farming tools to approximately 11,000 families affected by Cyclone Idai in Mozambique. Photo: Telcínia dos Santos/FAO
The FAO, supported by IOM, is distributing seeds and farming tools to approximately 11,000 families affected by Cyclone Idai in Mozambique. Photo: Telcínia dos Santos/FAO
The FAO, supported by IOM, is distributing seeds and farming tools to approximately 11,000 families affected by Cyclone Idai in Mozambique. Photo: Telcínia dos Santos/FAOPress Release Type: Global
Nassau – The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is providing 1,000 tarpaulins to replace roofs stripped from homes on the islands of Abaco and Grand Bahama by Hurricane Dorian this week.
“Right now, the priority is the search and rescue operation, conducted by the Bahamas' National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) and the Bahamas Defence Force,” said Jan-Willem Wegdam, IOM’s Emergency Response Team head who arrived in Nassau on Wednesday (09/04).
“After everyone has been rescued from under the debris and the wounded safely evacuated, IOM's focus will be on providing temporary shelter for those who lost their homes. Tarpaulins are part of that task.”
The government has confirmed the deaths of at least 30 people, and thousands of others are still missing. The United Nations believes at least 70,000 people are homeless on Abaco and Grand Bahama.
Tarpaulin coats, also called tarps, are strong pieces of waterproof plastic sheeting used to temporarily cover or fix damaged buildings. In the case of a sudden need for shelter, tarpaulins are a quick and cost-effective solution for a large number of people in need.
According to official sources, there are 449 people in nine emergency shelters in Abaco and 346 people in 17 shelters in Grand Bahama. Many are sheltering in clinics and therefore need to be relocated. Thousands more are prevented from reaching the shelters due to flooding and blocked roads.
"Only minimal information is available, and more detailed assessments are needed. IOM will focus especially on the needs of displaced persons in terms of food, shelter, water, medical and psychosocial support etc. That's why IOM is planning to deploy its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM),” said Wegdam.
"The Bahamas faces a long road to recovery. Building back the destroyed infrastructure, with increased resistance in the face of extreme weather, will be critical to increase the resilience of the communities.”
Wegdam added that the recent experience in Dominica, where IOM repaired more than 630 homes and built 87 others damaged or destroyed by Hurricane Maria in 2017, showed that integrating disaster risk reduction measures into the restoration of physical infrastructure is paramount to the revitalization of livelihoods, economies and the environment.
For more information please contact Jorge Gallo at the IOM Regional Office for Central America, North America and the Caribbean, Tel: +506 7203 6536, Email: email@example.comLanguage English Posted: Friday, September 6, 2019 - 15:25Image: Region-Country: BahamasThemes: Humanitarian EmergenciesInternally Displaced PersonsDefault: Multimedia:
Hurricane Dorian has devastated the Bahamas, leaving at least 30 people dead and at least 70,000 homeless.Press Release Type: Global
Geneva — The International Organization for Migration (IOM) on Tuesday (03/09) began assessing damage from Hurricane Dorian, a Category 5 storm that has damaged more than 13,000 houses across several island groups, especially the Bahamas. Some 30,000 persons are believed affected on the two islands most heavily impacted.
Hurricane Dorian made landfall in the Bahamas after midnight Sunday with winds reaching 280km/h. Dorian is the worst hurricane to strike the island since 1935, ripping roofs off buildings, flipped cars and forced thousands to seek shelter in churches and public buildings.
IOM is deploying staff to the island and liaising with its government and donor partners.
Jan-Willem Wegdam, IOM Dominica’s Head of Office is expected to arrive in Bahamas later today. Wegdam was a team leader in IOM’s disaster relief and reconstruction efforts after twin storms, Irma and Maria hit Dominica, two weeks apart in 2017.
In the wake of Hurricane Maria, IOM helped to rebuild hundreds of homes, repaired emergency shelters, trained teams of residents to respond to different emergencies by building capacity as emergency radio operators and shelter managers among other skills.
In the months that followed, IOM held disaster preparedness sessions in 16 communities and also worked in local schools to prepare students in response methods for future emergencies.
For more information please contact Joel Millman, IOM Geneva, Tel. + 41 79 103 8720. Email: Jmillman@iom.intLanguage English Posted: Tuesday, September 3, 2019 - 16:51Image: Region-Country: SwitzerlandThemes: Humanitarian EmergenciesMigration and EnvironmentDefault: Multimedia:
Hurricane Dorian made landfall in the Bahamas with winds reaching 280km/h. Dorian is the worst hurricane to strike the island since 1935.Press Release Type: Global
Popasna – Across much of the world this week, families are preparing for an annual event: the early September journey back to school. They’re asking themselves: Have we bought all the textbooks, notebooks and school uniforms? Got the lesson schedules? Is everybody ready?
That’s the case, too, in the town of Popasna, where preparations are well underway despite its population’s proximity to the contact line in conflict-affected eastern Ukraine.
As well as the challenges all parents face – new clothes, books, maybe a few tears – families in this part of the world also must prepare for other, more lethal, concerns: avoiding land mines on their children’s paths to school; being wary of artillery shelling during their class time.
The conflict here is in its sixth year.
Since the beginning of the conflict in 2014, over 750 education facilities have been damaged and many more experienced disruptions to education. The Ukraine Education Cluster estimates that over 700,000 children and teachers in more than 3,500 education facilities in eastern Ukraine are affected by the hostilities and in need of humanitarian assistance.
More than 400,000 children experience the direct impact of the conflict as they live, play and go to school within the 20-km on both sides of the ‘contact line’, where shelling and extreme levels of mine contamination threaten their lives and well-being.
Since the start of 2019, the United Nations Ukraine Education Cluster has received reports regarding 23 conflict-related incidents resulting in physical damages to school infrastructure, including at two education facilities that had to be temporarily closed. An additional five reports were received of military presence in close vicinity to an education facility and at least nine incidents resulting in threat of death or injuries to students, teachers and parents.
The month of July 2019 saw the highest number of education related incidents since May of 2018, when six education facilities were damaged during a single month during an increase of hostilities.
Nevertheless, it’s an exciting, special time for little Dima. He graduated from kindergarten and is going to start big school. His dad has repurposed an old table into a homework desk, and now it fits the boy’s size. Every day Dima practices with his handwriting manual and reads books at his new desk.
A new backpack was bought in advance, last winter. Dima often gets it out of the closet and walks around the house like the real schoolboy he will be in a few days.
His mother Yana has just received a cash transfer from IOM, part of a programme funded by the US Department of State Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration. She immediately went shopping to buy a tracksuit, T-shirts, jeans and a shirt for Dima.
There are three children in the family: Dima and two older sisters. “Kids’ stuff is so expensive now,” says Yana. “Jeans cost 200 hryvnias (USD 7.50). Maybe the clothes for adults are even more expensive, I have already forgotten.”
On the other hand, the family is nearly finished with the refurbishment of their house, which was damaged by shelling. Yana points proudly to new wallpaper in her daughter’s room. “Just a few holes after the shelling left in the living room,” she notes confidently. “We will plaster them and try to forget about this horror.”
Yana lost her job a year ago. When she’s not out job-hunting, or looking after the family, she’s in her garden. Neighbours who have left Popasna allowed her to cultivate their plots, and now the family is literally living off the land.
Yana’s husband goes to work every day, but his factory has been idle for several months (the conflict caused the breakdown of many enterprises in eastern Ukraine), so he must earn cash however he can.
Cobbling together their previous savings and cash assistance received from IOM, the family bought farm machinery with the hope of making money by ploughing people’s plots in the coming autumn. That way they may earn enough money to get them through the harsh winter.
Within its humanitarian programmes, IOM has assisted over 100,000 conflict-affected and displaced children since the outbreak of the conflict in Ukraine in 2014.
People living within five kilometres of the contact line are frequently the most in need of humanitarian assistance. According to UN OCHA, shelling and landmines have isolated about 70,000 people who live in some 60 communities in areas close to the contact line in government-controlled areas. Almost half of them are elderly, and some 35 per cent are people with disabilities and chronic diseases. Residents face challenges accessing social services, markets and health care. Many of these communities have been cut off from their typical service providers, while the presence of local authorities and humanitarian actors is compromised by insecurity.
Overall 2,158 households and 3,687 vulnerable individuals residing in the government-controlled areas close to the contact line in Donetsk and Luhansk regions benefitted from the PRM-funded programme. The multipurpose cash assistance was delivered in three rounds during July 2018 – September 2019 with the total of USD 976.621 paid to beneficiaries.
For the period of three months, each beneficiary was supported with UAH 2,580 (in average about USD 100, the rate fluctuated).
This unconditional assistance allowed vulnerable individuals – elderly people, people with disabilities, single parents or parents with three and more children – to choose which goods or services they would like to purchase based on their own time-specific needs and household priorities.
As reported by the beneficiaries during the post-distribution monitoring, the provided cash assistance was used mainly to address needs in health care (60%), food (56%), cover the cost of winterization needs (32%), as well as to pay for rent and utilities (32%). Also, many beneficiaries decided to save a part of the money for winter needs, especially to buy coal or wood for heating fuel as well as any medical treatment.
For more information, please contact Varvara Zhluktenko at IOM Ukraine, Tel: +38 044 568 50 15, +38 067 447 97 92, Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgLanguage English Posted: Tuesday, September 3, 2019 - 16:43Image: Region-Country: UkraineThemes: Humanitarian EmergenciesDefault: Multimedia:
Dima practices handwriting at his study corner. Photo: IOM
New backpack, new jeans, new tracksuit and new school life – Dima is excited. Photo: IOMPress Release Type: Global
Tokyo – It’s been more than 15 years since the end of Sierra Leone’s civil war – and later a devastating Ebola outbreak – both of which combined to make an underperforming economy difficult to revive.
Sierra Leone has one of the highest youth unemployment rates in Africa, indeed in the entire world. Nearly two in three youths in the country are unemployed or underemployed. This reality pushes thousands each year to seek work abroad, often through irregular routes.
To boost youth employment – and combat irregular migration – the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and Sierra Tropical Limited (STL), one of Sierra Leone’s largest agribusiness companies signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) late last month (27/08) during the Seventh Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD 7).
The agreement stresses the need for Sierra Leonean youth to acquire the skills needed for the local labour market through Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET), especially in agriculture and machine maintenance. TVET training materials will be developed by both parties.
“When opportunity, especially to go abroad, is presented, most young people seize it because they presume, they do not have better alternatives at home,” explained Sanusi Savage, Head of the IOM Office in Sierra Leone.
“Job creation for youth and capacity building are crucial for African countries, and this collaboration is fully in line with the objective of TICAD. We are pleased to collaborate with Sierra Tropical Limited and hope to expand our collaboration in other African countries,” added Abdel Moneim Mostafa Hassan, IOM Senior Regional Advisor for the Middle East and North Africa.
Sierra Tropical Limited was established earlier this year by Japan’s Itochu corporation, which acquired holdings of Dole Foods, one of the world’s oldest commercial growers of tropical fruits, especially pineapple. Itochu has announced it will contribute to the development of the local community through the business. Itochu’s plan to begin commercial production of pineapples in the Republic of Sierra Leone follows similar holdings the company operates in Thailand and the Philippines.
Itochu has already started test production of pineapples in Sierra Leone and aspires to commence full-scale commercial production as soon as it can.
Earlier this summer Itochu signalled its plans for human resources development with IOM. Its Sierra Tropical unit plans to increase job opportunities through the business, starting in the Bo District in the Southern Province of Sierra Leone.
In April this year, IOM launched the project Reducing the Risk of Irregular Migration through Promotion of Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship in Sierra Leone.
The new project, which is funded by the Government of Japan, will contribute to youth and women’s empowerment through vocational and entrepreneurship skills training with private companies, mainly, Sierra Tropical Limited.
In 2017 and 2018, IOM assisted 1,492 stranded Sierra Leoneans with voluntary return along the main African migration routes.Sierra LeoneThemes: Migration and DevelopmentMigration and YouthDefault: Multimedia:
IOM and Sierra Tropical Limited officials at the MoU signing on 27 August in Tokyo. Photo: IOMPress Release Type: Global
Addis Ababa – Since April 2019, conflict resolution moves led by the government have restored relative peace in parts of Ethiopia that have suffered unrest and enabled some internally displaced persons (IDPs) to return to their place of origin.
Nonetheless, fulfilling basic needs remains a major challenge. This summer IOM has stepped up the distribution of non-food items (NFIs) to thousands of returnees in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP) and Oromia regions following conflict in Gedeo/Guji areas of Ethiopia that displaced 700,000 persons during 2018.
As of August 2018, IOM has been providing shelter assistance to the displaced communities through the construction of 39 communal shelters and the rehabilitation of 13 existing structures in district (or ‘kebele’) compounds used as temporary settlements.
IOM’s reintegration NFI kit includes a kitchen set, stove, sleeping mat, soap, jerrycans, wash basin, blankets and mosquito nets. Some of the districts supported include Gurachu Jeldu Badia, Megala, Kercha Inshe, Dimba Dimbe, Haro Bareti, Bankidabatu, Hatumelema, Sorilewachu and Kilensomekonis.
In addition, NFIs as well as Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) support have been provided to 2,920 households. Last week NFIs were distributed to 500 households in Gedeo and West Guji Zones, Dimba Dimbe, Haro Bareti and Bankidabatu Kebeles while provision of shelter-construction materials to the displaced communities continues.
“When the conflict erupted, we did not have the time to carry our belongings. We just ran for our lives. When we came back home three months ago, it was devastating to see that our house was burned down to the ground, crops rundown, and everything else destroyed or looted,” 28-year-old Aster Dukele says as she recalls the incident which left her family homeless.
With return and reintegration efforts ongoing, this mother of eight is picking up the pieces. She and her family have started growing their enset (false banana) crop, which sustains their meagre livelihood. Without much money at hand, it has been very difficult for her to make the house a home again. But she’s trying.
As IOM increases its support to the Gedeo and Guji Zones, the provision of NFIs is proving very vital for the reintegration of returnee families. “These families had no means to supply themselves with the necessary kits and the lack of these basic kits has made return very difficult,” explains John Bang, an IOM staffer in charge of Shelter and NFI distribution.
In 2019 alone IOM in Ethiopia has provided 58,364 NFI kits accompanied by solar lanterns and cooking stoves, shelter repair kits for 4,674 households, along with Housing, Land and Property assistance, with 36,396 households benefitting from WASH support.
“We didn’t have pots to cook our food, materials to wash clothes, containers to fetch water, or properly walled housing,” says Abebech Deiko, a widowed mother of seven, who describes the hardships she and other neighbours faced upon their return.
Many returnees like Aster and Abebech need support to reintegrate themselves. Therefore, humanitarian partners continue to evaluate the conditions in locations of return as well as to verify the status of the returnees reported by the government.
“Through financial support received from the Federal Government of Germany, European Union Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid and the US Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, IOM is providing shelter construction materials, NFIs, as well as WASH support. However, there is still a major funding gap to address the needs of all the vulnerable returnees,” says Ester Ruiz de Azua, IOM Ethiopia Emergency Response Coordinator.
The Organization will continue the support in different districts in West Guji Zone over the coming months.
For further information, please contact Alemayehu Seifeselassie at IOM Ethiopia, Tel: +251 11 6611117 (Ext. 1455), Mobile: +251 91 163 9082, Email: email@example.comLanguage English Posted: Tuesday, September 3, 2019 - 16:31Image: Region-Country: EthiopiaThemes: Humanitarian EmergenciesInternally Displaced PersonsDefault: Multimedia:
A beneficiary receiving IOM’s NFI distribution at Gedeb Town, DimbaDimbe district Ethiopia, August 2019. Photo: IOM
Upon return, the displaced community had no utensils to cook food or keep warm. The NFI kit includes vitally needed blankets and kitchen utensils. Photo: IOMPress Release Type: Global
Mamadou, 18, left school and his village in Senegal’s Tambacounda when he was 12. “While I was in school, all I could think about was if I was going to eat when I got back home,” he explained. “Sometimes we would have breakfast and nothing else for the rest of the day. There were too many mouths to feed at home and I needed to do my part.”
As the eldest of the brood, Mamadou felt a duty to support his parents and provide for those younger.
During the next few years, he worked in Dakar, Mali, Burkina Faso and eventually Niger, getting closer – he believed – to his dream: reaching Europe.
But once he arrived in Niger, Mamadou quickly exhausted his funds. At the bus station in Niamey, he met Abdoulaye, a childhood friend, who offered to pay for their trip to Algeria.
“We were seven boys and five women in the car; a mix of Gambians, Malians and Nigerians,” he said.
Somewhere between Agadez and Algeria, the driver ordered his passengers out. Hours later, the driver returned. He told them they had been sold and would be traveling to Libya instead. “We were in the middle of nowhere, but there was nothing we could do,” Mamadou said.
He and Abdoulaye watched helplessly as their new “owners” tore clothes from the women in their group, then beat and raped them. “We felt helpless,” said Mamadou.
Those who could, fled. Mamadou realized he lost Abdoulaye, who had been recaptured. Once the bandits spotted Mamadou, he was caught, too. Later he witnessed his friend murdered.
“The bandits tried to force me to get into the car, but Abdoulaye was hurt and I couldn’t leave him. One threatened to shoot me. Then they shot Abdoulaye in the chest,” he explained.
Through tears, Mamadou said he begged to be allowed to bury his friend. “I took a plate and wrote his name and put it on top of his grave along with my shoes,” the young Senegalese remembered.
During the trip to Libya, some of the women who had been assaulted started feeling ill. Mamadou said one was abandoned. Another died on board, and also was abandoned. “In the desert, no one has time for a proper burial,” he added.
Yet he survived, one of more than 22,000 migrants who have been rescued in Niger’s Ténéré desert since 2016. IOM’s humanitarian rescue operations are supported by the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID) and the European Union.
Mamadou now has been at IOM’s transit centre in Agadez for two weeks, waiting for a return to Senegal under IOM’s Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) programme, funded through the EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration.
He hasn’t had contact with his family in over three years.
For more information, please contact Monica Chiriac at IOM Niger at Tel: +227 8931 8764, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Language English Posted: Friday, August 30, 2019 - 15:31Image: Region-Country: SenegalThemes: IOMDefault: Multimedia:
Mamadou stays in the transit centre in Agadez, Niger to recover from his ordeal. Photo: IOMPress Release Type: Global